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including some with their epiphyses, are identifiable. Perhaps the most interesting part of these youngsters is the finding of two diminutive left foot bones-the articulating talus and calcaneus. Other fragments of extraordinarily thin vault bone, some along the sutures, and bits of identifiable long bones complete the description (see figs. 27 and 28). Of course there was a large residue of very small splinters, pieces, and all manner of fragments of bones which defy identification, either as to individual or bone. These make up a mass equal to that of all the other remains. Along with these human remains were animal bones, consisting mostly of the claw-pad digits of a wildcat (Lynx rufus). A number of disk shell beads and several globular shell beads, as well as cut, ground, sharpened, and polished sections of split long bones of animals , were likewise segregated from the ashes and human fragments. Burials 40 to 43. Presumably the tomb containing these burials was accidentally set on fire when the mound was "purified." The skull of the teen-ager, Burial 43, was black on the inside, but a "smoky" brown on the outside. The bones of the hip region were partially carbonized by the heat (see fig. 29). This is, of course, the area of the body covered by the heaviest fleshy tissue-thigh and buttock muscles (Baby 1954, p. 1-7). ARTIFACTS The Dover Mound was built largely of sterile soil and so yielded few artifacts except those in burial association. The only other source of artifacts was the old village area under the mound which contributed all the potsherds found at the site (see fig. 30). Copper artifacts. Since copper artifacts were the most numerous and constitute the major contributions at this site, they will be described first. Fourteen burials yielded 35 artifacts, counting copper beads as a single string. Many of the copper bracelets are remarkably massive for Adena. Descriptive data are tabulated in Table 6. Of the 35 copper artifacts listed, there were 32 bracelets, a finger 55 56 Fig. 30. Typical potsherds from the old village under the Dover Mound. ring, a triangular pendant, and a string of beads. The bracelets were made up of two triads and thirteen pairs (see fig. 31). These reveal two distinct methods of manufacture (see fig. 32). Six pairs of bracelets, from Burials 9A, 20, 21, 23, 39, and 51, were made by hammering a copper nodule into a nearly cylindrical rod of fairly uniform .cr.oss section, cutting off the ends squarely, and then bending the rod so that the end faces were brought face to face, abutting closely. This process produced a very massive bracelet, with the enclosing ring of near-uniform cross section and of a sufficiently large area to slip readily over the wearer's hand. Such bracelets were much too heavy to permit any adjustment about the arm. It may well be that these very massive bracelets were formed and bent but not completely closed until the arm had been thrust through. In such case they could not easily be removed. The individual bracelets varied in mass from 87 to 318 grams, although the bracelets of a pair were not greatly different in mass as shown by this comparison: 318/ 318, 206/224, 120/167, 114/1 18, 90/ 99, and 87 /92 grams. Fig. 31. Bracelets recovered from the Dover Mound. These are the largest number of copper bracelets found at one site in Kentucky. Bracelets associated with Burials 3, 11, 26, 32, 33, 34A, and 35 were made by beating a copper nodule into a thin sheet, nearly circular in form. The sheet was then folded along a diameter, and about this straight edge as center, the doubled sheet was rolled into a cylinder. This cylinder was tightly rolled, and since it came from a near circular sheet, it usually had a larger diameter in the center than at its ends. It was further consolidated by hammering the free edges of the sheet into place. The ends of the cylinder were often cut squarely off, leaving a cylinder diminishing in diameter toward its ends. This was bent into an elliptical bracelet, with ends either close together or separated by a gap of one centimeter or more. These bracelets could not be made with as large an average density as the solid bars, and thus, for the same size, they weighed much less. They had paired weights as follows: 46/50,45/ 50, 19/25, 19...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780813165141
Related ISBN
9780813155630
MARC Record
OCLC
900345039
Pages
80
Launched on MUSE
2016-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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