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from crown to heel; five females averaged 162.5 em. (64 inches). Compared with the other Kentucky Adena people, the men and women from the Dover Mound are the tallest found. Indeed, three of the measured lengths run more than six feet, while only one of the women was very short, her total length measuring just five feet. A MULTIPLE CREMATION The discovery in the Dover Mound of a cremation in situ (Burials 5-6) has brought to light much interesting information. Here, in a pile of ash, charcoal, and calcined bone spread over a considerable area, is evidence of a crematory place which apparently had not been disturbed, but had been covered with earth in the final burial rites. In the laboratory both artifacts and bodily remains were found among the ashes, which were carefully sieved in order to separate the bone fragments from the fine dust. It was impossible, of course, to determine any sort of orientation or position of the multiple remains, since the fragmentary bones were so small as to preclude immediate identification in the field. As the result of much painstaking and careful work, the remains of at least four individuals were isolated in the answer to the problem of how many individuals were present in this crematory pile. Indeed, the object was to find out as much as possible about the feature. On the basis of the temporal bones alone, four individuals, two adults and two children, were identified. There were three duplicated sets of nose structures, three sets of spinal columns, the remains of four sets of dentition, and so forth. As a result of the very careful reexamination of the cremated fragments , repeated several times over the period of nearly a year's study, the remains of two adult men and two children were isolated along with almost countless numbers of small, unidentifiable fragments consisting of all portions of the human skeleton. These remains will be described as they were identified by individuals. The Younger Man. The numerous and thoroughly calcined fragments of virtually the entire skull were present. Nearly half of the 45 46 Fig. 23. Paired wrist bones of the younger man, Burials 5-6. From left to right, top to bottom, are the lunates, the capitates, the lesser multangulars, trapezoids, pisiforms , and a right greater multangular. Portions of both naviculars are at the bottom. skull was repaired, working from the contacts of both vault and face. All of the roots of the lower teeth, some of which had crowns also, were placed back in the jaw, and parts of virtually all the teeth were preserved. Many unusual fragments were preserved and could be identified (see figs. 22 to 25). Fragments of such delicate bones as the hyoid, the sphenoid, one of the occipital condyles, the right mastoid process, and both temporal bones, including one with a very large styloid sheath, were present. Perhaps the most remarkable thing about this young man's remains is the fact that the lower jaw, three-fourths of which is very well preserved, shows a border of red-ocher stain along the left outside surface below the tooth level and a spot on the lower right body of the jaw below the premolars. The mandible is typical Adena in the prominent bilateral chin eminence. These chin points measure 47.8 mm. (1.9 inches) across. Moreover, the teeth of the upper right Table 5 YOUNG ADULT MALE MEASUREMENTS, BURIALS 5-6 CREMATION A1easurements in millimeters Minimum Frontal Diameter ................ 96.0* Bigonial Breadth .................................... 120.0~· Frontal Chord .......................................... 115.0 Total Facial Height ................................ 120.0 Rig:u Minimum Ramus Breadth ........ 35.0 Length of Mandible ................................ 106.0 Upper Facial Height .............................. 69.0 Anterior Interorbital Height ................ 22.0 Right Orbital Breadth ............................ 43.0 Height of Ascending Ramus ................ 62.0 Gonia! Angle ............................................ 120.0° Transverse Arc ........................................ 350.0* Right Orbital Height ............................ 31.0 Indices Nasal Height ............................................ 44.0 Nasal Breadth .......................................... 22.0 Right Orbital .......................................... 72.7 Nasal .......................................................... 50.0 Minimum Nasal Breadth ...................... 11.0 Subtense Nasal Breadth .......................... 4.0 Nasal Bone Height ................................ 36.4 Fronto-Mamlibular ................................ 135.4 Maxillo-Alveolar Length ...................... 60.0 Frontal ...................................................... 83.5 Height of Mandibular Symphysis ........ 37.0 Mandibular .............................................. 58.5 Italicized figures are approximations. * For these dimensions only half of the measurement could be obtained. This value has been multiplied by two to give the whole measurement. This partial skull was assembled from many calcined fragments. maxilla show very deep wear with possible repair of secondary dentine. It is noteworthy that the upper...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780813165141
Related ISBN
9780813155630
MARC Record
OCLC
900345039
Pages
80
Launched on MUSE
2016-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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