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tion. A sample of this carbon, 148 (V38), was taken for carbon dating. rhe sample was found by Libby to have an age of 2,169 ± 175 years. Summary. Thus this mound revealed by its profiles that it was built on an old forest floor, the site of a village. A layer of bluewhite clay marl, about seven and one-half feet thick, was used to cover cremations and extended burials in bark tombs. This construction was later covered to a depth of about nine feet with a sandy silt mingled with loads of clay marl, in which many bark-lined tombs were included. Finally, a mantle at least four and one-half feet thick of sandy loam, containing no marl, covered the whole mound. In this mantle a number of burials had also been made, but all those found were in a state of poor preservation. BURIALS The skeleton material from this excavation was in general very poorly preserved. Some had been disturbed by groundhog burrowing and other rodent action. Due to earth pressure, the skulls and long bones usually were found badly crushed. Much mechanical disturbance had been caused to the graves by large roots of oak trees growing on its surface. In most cases the small roots of the trees had followed along the lines of burial and had absorbed the bones, leaving only traces of stain and bone impressions in the earth. Certain burials because of special associations have been selected for brief descriptions; a complete census is presented in Table 2. Table l, following this description, summarizes the total burial content of this mound. Burial 2. This was a deposit of cremated remains in Square 5 R 20 at the mound base. On an area two by three feet, ashes containing burned and broken human bones had been spread. On top of this deposit, at the center of the area, a large flint "spear" point had been placed and covered with red ocher. Over all a layer of bark had been placed, which in turn was covered by a concentration of fist-sized river pebbles in a layer about six inches thick. The flint point, prob15 16 Fig. 8. A dog jaw recovered from Burial 4. ably ceremonially broken in two, had red ocher also on the broken surfaces. Laboratory examination of these bone fragments indicated an adult male cremation. Burial 3. This was an extended burial on white puddled clay in Square 0 25 at 0.2 feet below the benchmark. On the clay a layer of bark had been placed, on which the body of a male, aged 18 to 20 years, had been laid. This body was covered from hip to feet with red ocher. It was then covered with a bark layer, and then by a layer of white puddled clay which was very hard. The bone had disintegrated , and along channels formed where the bones once lay, fine tree roots had grown in masses, feeding on the bones. Only small crumbs of bone remained. Of the skull, only the teeth remained. Two copper bracelets at the left elbow had preserved short sections of the arm bones thrust through them. Burial 4. This was an extended burial of a female, 16 to 18 years old, at Stake 25 L 5 at the base of the mound, 2.5 feet below the benchmark . The body was laid on puddled clay and covered with bark. Three shell beads were found at the right shoulder, and fragmentary animal bones by the right arm. Among these fragmentary bones the right mandible of a dog, Canis familiaris) has been the only one identified (see fig. 8). Burials 5-6. This was a multiple cremation m situ. Under Stake 15 L 10 and at a depth of 2.5 feet below the benchmark, an area some twelve feet or more in diameter had been subjected to heavy burning for sufficient time to convert a hard clay layer to an orange-red color. This area had been demarked by traces of an unburned log lying north-south on the west side, and another similar partially burned log on the east side. These logs were about ten feet apart. Between these logs there was a compact layer of ashes some five inches thick in the center and diminishing in thickness toward the edges. At the edges small chunks of charcoal appeared, as well as fragments of burned human bone. This ash layer seemed to have been burned in situ...


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MARC Record
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