In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

Annotated Bibliography James M. Gravois and ElizabethJ Weisbrod T he purpose here is to bring together, with brief annotations, most of the sources readily available at large libraries and through interlibrary loan. The authors based their selections on the excellent bibliography compiled by William Clark Griggs (listed below), as well as the notes of other researchers in this field. Important collections of papers and archives which the authors did not review are listed at the end of this chapter. The term confederados refers to those Southerners who moved to Brazil after the Civil War, as well as to their descendants. Primary Sources-Books Burton, Richard F. Explorations ofthe Highlands ofthe Brazil. 1869. Reprint. New York: Greenwood Press, 1969. This two-volume work by a famous adventurer and anthropologist relates his observations during a five-month journey down Brazil's Rio Sao Francisco. Of interest is his claim that 2,700 Southerners had already arrived in Brazil by the beginning of 1868. Also, his detailed descriptions of gold and diamond mining suggest the strike-it-rich attractions of Brazil. Dunn, Ballard S. Brazil, the Home for Southerners; or, A Practical Account of What the Author, and Others, Who Visited That Country, for the Same Objects, Saw and Did While in That Empire. New Orleans: Bloomfield & Steel, 1866. Dunn's book ranks with Gaston's and Hastings's books as a bugle call to Southerners. This Episcopal minister and Confederate veteran visited Brazil soon after the Civil War to determine the feasibility of emigration there. He states his belief that postwar conditions in the South are unacceptable, disputes arguments that Brazil provides little economic opportunity for Southerners, and describes the area of land ("Lizzieland") which he has picked out for a colony. He includes descriptions ofthe Brazilian government, tables ofweather information, copies of letters and reports which favorably discuss economic prospects in Brazil (including one report by Dr. Gaston and one by Maj. Robert Merriwether), a condensation of a book on Brazilian social customs, documentation of Brazil's international trade over a ten-year period, and a fold-out map of Brazil. He announces within the book that he will be leading a colony of settlers from New Orleans the following spring and asks that anyone interested get in touch with him. (Afterward, he did indeed found a colony at Lizzieland but abandoned the project sometime later.) The book includes an engraved portrait of the author. 247 Gravois & Weisbrod Fletcher, James C., and Daniel P. Kidder. Brazil and the Brazilians, Portrayed in Historical and Descriptive Sketches. 9th ed. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1879. This is an updated edition of Sketches of Residence and Travels in Brazil, originally written by Kidder alone and published in 1845. The book combines history , current facts, and travel observations to produce an encyclopedic view of Brazil in the mid-nineteenth century. The first edition demonstrates that information about Brazil was available to potential emigres well before the Civil War, and the fact that it was updated so many times indicates its popularity. However, one searches in vain for any references to the confederados in this 1879 edition, which seems surprising, since there are several references to other colonizers of Brazil, mostly Swiss and Germans. This handsome book includes 150 engravings and numerous appendixes giving a variety of information about Brazil. Gaston, James McFadden. Hunting a Home in Brazil. Philadelphia, 1867. Gaston, a South Carolina doctor, arrived in Rio in September 1865 with the express purpose of scouting Brazil for possibilities of settlement by former Confederates . He spent about six months there before concluding that "people in Brazil [are] capable of appreciating the Southern character and ready to extend a cordial greeting to all who come." He writes in a wonderfully eloquent nineteenth-century style, detailing many aspects of Brazilian life. He describes the weather, the streets and monuments of Rio, the types of produce in the marketplace, and the many varieties of coffee. In a diary format, he recounts his day-to-day experiences, commenting on Brazilian Catholicism, clothing styles of the upper class, and dining customs. More important, he describes his meetings with Brazilian officials, his talks with American and European settlers, and his studies of crops and agricultural lands, all of which lead him to conclude that Southerners could indeed make a new beginning in Brazil. Hastings, Lansford Warren. The Emigrant's Guide to Brazil. Mobile, 1867. Not only did Hastings write this book, but he also led a colony to Brazil. Unfortunately...


Additional Information

Related ISBN
MARC Record
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.