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Notes Introduction. Geographical Encounters, Modernist Geopoetics 1. For example, Jon Hegglund’s World Views (21-23) and Marjorie Howe (in “Joyce, Colonialism, and Nationalism” but particularly in “‘Goodbye Ireland’”) have focused on geography in Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, although their attention has focused primarily on its relationship to imperialism and colonialism. Approaches to geography and cartography through the lens of Empire are established in Joyce studies, as Hegglund’s treatment of Ulysses in his “Hard Facts” suggests, although scholars have not examined Joyce’s relationship to environmental determinist paradigms within the discipline of geography itself. 2. The publication’s original title was The National Geographic Magazine. Then, in the 1950s, it became the more familiar National Geographic. Throughout my discussion I will be using the former, as it was the title in use during the modernist era. 3. Here I borrow Tim Cresswell’s sense of anachorism, the term for disordered space spatially equivalent to anachronism’s sense of disordered time (103). 4. This title was first codified at the inaugural conference of the Modernist Studies Association, October 7–10, 1999, appropriately called “The New Modernisms: The Inaugural Conference of the Modernist Studies Association.” 5. In American Studies, transnational work extends back to the early 1990s. For early formulations, see Wald, “Minefields”; and Porter. For recent transnational, postnational, or planetary approaches to American Studies, see Radway; Rowe, New American and Post-Nationalist; and Dimock. For an overview of the transnational turn in Modernist Studies, see Walkowitz and Mao’s essay “The New Modernist Studies.” 6. For work on modernist transnationalism, see work by Timothy Brennan; Melba Cuddy-Keane; Jessica Berman; Jed Esty; Robert Livingston; Michael Moses; Michael Moses and Richard Begam; and Rebecca Walkowitz. Ramazani’s “Poetry, Modernity, and Globalization” discusses the narrative-heavy focus of much of the recent scholarship on globalism. Although these studies variously approach the global through the lens of cosmopolitanism, transnationalism, imperialism, and globalization, I use the language of local, transnational, and global because these terms are more traditional to the academic and popular geographic contexts I consider and because they highlight issues important in this project regarding spatial scale, spatial mapping, and ideas of propinquity more so than discourses of cosmopolitanism. 7. Consider the telling example Ramazani points out in the form of Martha Nussbaum ’s reference to the “narrative imagination” of cosmopolitanism in her 1997 book Cultivating Humanity (290). 8. For discussion of the need for historicist approaches to transnational formations, see Bill Maxwell’s response to Ramazani in Wai Chee Dimock’s special issue of American Literary History devoted to transnational citizenship. 9. Alan Golding has observed that recent Americanist work prefers prose forms, particularly fiction, thanks to the assumption that they are more intimately engaged with the sociopolitical “real world” (xiii). Joseph Harrington traces this through the drama of institutional history, observing that “the assumption that we go to novels to find historical reality because novelists represent historical reality reifies field boundaries by producing a dichotomy between prose narrative as the bearer of historical value, on the one hand, and poetry as the repository of aesthetic value, on the other” (509). 10. Morris provides a longer genealogy of approaches to the cultural engagement of poetic form itself (4–7). For others who formulate such cultural engagements, also see Davidson; Nelson; and Watten. 11. Rachel Blau DuPlessis calls this the “extractive attitude” of much poetry criticism (Genders, Races 7). I build upon DuPlessis’s concept of “social philology” meant to counter this, a strategy that traces the genealogy of the poetic utterance to broader historical concerns and back again so as to recognize it as an intervention in larger social formations in the world (Genders, Races 11). We can find similar formulations in Jerome McGann’s idea of “radial reading,” strategies that involve consulting the historical and geographical sources to which the details in the text refer that are embodied in “the figure of a person who rises from reading a book in order to look up the meaning of a word in a dictionary or to check some historical or geographical reference” (27). These approaches seem implicitly responsive to Hans Robert Jauss’s idea of the “initial horizons of expectations ” that the writer’s own reading public carries with it (23). 12. Fleming’s puckish rewriting of Stephen’s list into verses seems inspired by the same kind of boredom or frustration expressed by figures like Germaine Greer, who once said, “The world’s a wonderful place...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780813055145
Related ISBN
9780813060514
MARC Record
OCLC
900158401
Pages
208
Launched on MUSE
2015-02-13
Language
English
Open Access
No
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