The Sitges conference amounted to the fi rst public forum to talk about the cinema in Spain in the twelve years since the Salamanca conference in 1955. The “Sitges Manifesto,” a.k.a. the “Barcelona School Manifesto,” is in actuality a statement of principles for the Barcelona School, which saw itself irrevocably at odds with New Spanish Cinema—the outcome of the Salamanca conference—and with Francoist models of cinematic production. The conference was polarizing enough that the State police shut it down before its conclusion. The Barcelona School became the center for politically engaged, leftist and experimental cinema in Spain in the late 1960s.