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j udith philip was buried with her eldest daughter on the steep slope of the Hillsborough public cemetery on the island of Carriacou. It was October 1848. Her funeral was a Catholic ceremony, a simple, somber affair, befitting Judith’s last wish that her passing be marked “with as little pomp as possible.”¹ Whatever carried off Judith Philip must also have taken the life of her daughter Ann Rachel Thornton,who passed away in Carriacou just three days after her mother, on October 23.² The graves of mother and daughter would have been marked with headstones, but nothing ostentatious. Neither grave, however, can be located in the overgrown cemetery today. Ann Rachel was the third child of Judith Philip and Edmund Thornton to die relatively young. The couple’s eldest son, Louis Edmund, had died in London almost twenty years before, and their youngest son, Philip, was also gone.³ Not too much is known about Louis Edmund Thornton, but he was a merchant like his father,working out of London.There is no evidence that he spent any time in Grenada after his childhood. In 1813 he married Elizabeth Charlotte Western, and they had five children.⁴ Philip Thornton was the youngest of the children Judith Philip shared with Edmund Thornton , and he must have been born in London. In 1816 Louis Edmund was recorded arranging a position for his younger brother with Stacey Grimaldi, a noted attorney whose office was in the same building as that of Louis Edmund Thornton and the prominent lawyer James Baillie.⁵ Of all the children Judith Philip had with Thornton, only the daughters, Magdalene and Judith, outlived their mother. Magdalene Thornton, as executor of her sister’s estate, would have taken charge of matters to do with the funeral. Magdalene was good like that; she oversaw the legalities of the family’s probate and later would make sure that both wills were signed by the governor’s secretary and subsequently at the archbishop of Canterbury’s Uncertain Prospects mixed-race descendants at the heart of empire chapter seven 148 ~ chapter seven office in London.⁶ With Ann Rachel’s death, she was now the eldest. Judith was born in England and was twenty years younger than Magdalene.⁷ Despite their age difference the sisters were devoted to one another. The Thornton children always took care of each other and remained a close-knit family. What was true for the children of Jeanette and Honore Philip was no less true for their grandchildren and great-grandchildren. With the death of Judith Philip there was now little to keep Magdalene and Judith Thornton on the island where the Philip family had become rich. For many years the only real Philip business on Grenada had been that of their mother, and what remained of the large Philip family was scattered about the southern Caribbean. It is highly likely that the children of François Philip left Grenada for their father’s property on St. Lucia.The children of J. B. Louis Philip remained on Trinidad. For Magdalene and Judith Thornton, of all their aunts, uncles, and other family only the children of their aunt Magdalene, the children of their great-uncle François, and the grandchildren of J. B. Louis on Trinidad remained. Michel, Susannah , Honore, Nicholas Regis, and Joachim had all died with no known descendants. Unsurprisingly,within just four months Magdalene and Judith Thornton were at the government office in St.George’s announcing their intention to depart for England.They owned real estate in London, and that was where the children of their late brother Louis Edmund Thornton still lived.⁸ The two women placed advertisements announcing their desire to sell, at the earliest convenience,most of the property that they now owned jointly with the children of their late brother.To this end they instructed their executors, the long-time family friends Dr. Duncan Blair and George Abercrombie Mitchell, to begin a wholesale survey and inventory of the same. Nothing was to be missed. Clearly, Judith Philip’s surviving daughters did not share the loyalty of their mother and grandparents to the land that was the source of their wealth. In just three pages of indenture, the estate that had been founded by Honore Philip,the French baker,and his ex-slave wife,Jeanette, and so judiciously grown by their daughter Judith would be sold off with only the main property, “Grand Anse,” kept “for rents.”⁹ By the third generation, Honore...


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