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APPENDICES 571 [RECORD OF MARX'S SPEECH ON THE GOVERNMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENCE]360 [FROM THE MINUTES OF THE GENERAL COUNCIL MEETING OF JANUARY 17, 1871] Cit. Marx said as there were several English members present he had a very important statement to make. At the last meeting at St. James's Hall Odger spoke of the French Government contrary to truth. In our second address we said the brand of infamy attaches to some of the members of the provisional government from the Revolution of 1848.a Odger said there was not a blame attached to them. Favre can only be received as the representative of the Republic, not as the spotless patriot Jules Favre. The way that is now talked about him put Favre in the foreground and the Republic almost out of sight. One example of Favre's doings. After the Revolution of 1848 Favre became Secretary of the Interior; on account of Flocon being ill, Ledru-Rollin chose Favre. One of the first things he did was to bring back the army to Paris, which afterwards enabled the bourgeoisie to shoot the work-people down. Later, when the people became convinced that the Assembly consisted of middle-class men, the people made a demonstration in favour of Poland on which occasion the people ran into the assembly.361 The president entreated Louis Blanc to speak to them and pacify them, which he did. A war with Russia would have saved the Republic. The first thing Jules Favre did a few days after was to ask for authority to prosecute Louis Blanc as an accomplice of the invaders. The Assembly thought he was instructed by the Government to do but all the other members of the Government denounced [this measure] as the private affair of Favre. The provisional government conspired to provoke the insurrection of June. After the people were shot down Favre a See this volume, p. 269.— Ed. 572 Appendices proposed that the Executive Committee should be abolished.362 On the 27th he drew up the decree to transport the prisoners without trial; 15,000 were transported. In November the Assembly was compelled to examine some not yet transported. In Brest alone 1,000 had to be liberated. Of the most dangerous who were tried by a military commission many had to be liberated, others were only sentenced to short terms of imprisonment. Afterwards motions were made for an amnesty, Favre always opposed. He was one of the men who insisted for a commission of inquiry of the whole revolution except February. He was instrumental in the passing of the most infamous press laws363 that ever existed and of which Napoleon made good use. Favre had certain relations with the Bonapartists under the July monarchy and he used all his influence to get Napoleon into the National Assembly. He interested himself to bring about the expedition to Rome,172 which was the first step for the establishment of the Empire. The account of the speech (without any Reproduced from the General mention of the author) was published in Council's Minute Book The Eastern Post No. 121, January 21, 1871. This variant of the record was first published in: K. Marx and F. Engels, Works, Second Russian Edition, Vol. 17, Moscow, 1960 573 [RECORDS OF MARX'S AND ENGELS' SPEECHES ON THE POSITION OF THE ENGLISH WORKING CLASS IN THE FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR]364 [FROM THE MINUTES OF THE GENERAL COUNCIL MEETINGS] January 24, 1871 Cit. Engels inquired whether any of the members had been at the meeting of the previous evening365 but there was no reply. He then stated as there was a difference of opinion amongst the members it would be advisable to discuss the question as to the attitude of the English working class3 on the present phase of the war at the meeting. He moved that the question be put on the order of the day. Cit. Marx seconded the proposition, which was agreed to. January 31, 1871 Cit. Engels said: following the advice of the Chairman of the last meetingb and complying with an English custom, I have drawn up some resolutions principally as a basis for the debate. I am not particular as regards carrying them exactly as they are. These are the resolutions I have drawn up: 1. That the working-class movement in support of the French Republic ought to have concentrated its efforts, at the beginning, upon the enforcement of the recognition of the Republic by...


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