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378 Karl Marx [LETTER TO FREDERICK GREENWOOD, THE EDITOR OF THE PALL MALL GAZETTE]234 Haverstock-hill, N.W. June 30, 1871 Sir, I have declared in The Daily News—and you have reprinted in The Pall Mall—that I hold myself alone responsible for the charges brought forward against "Jules Favre and Co."a In your yesterday's publication you declare these charges to be "libels."b I declare you to be a libeller. It is no fault of mine that you are as ignorant as arrogant. If we lived on the Continent, I should call you to account in another way.— Obediently, Karl Marx Published in The Pall Mall Gazette, Reproduced from The Pall Mall No. 1992, July 3, 1871, The Eastern Post, Gazette, verified with the manuNo . 145, July 8, 1871 and Nev£ Freie script Presse, No. 2465, July 7, 1871 (translated from The Pall Mall Gazette) a See this volume, p. 370.— Ed. h "England from the Point of View of the Commune", The Pall Mall Gazette, No. 1989, June 29, 1871.— Ed 379 Karl Marx MR. WASHBURNE, THE AMERICAN AMBASSADOR, IN PARIS TO THE NEW YORK CENTRAL COMMITTEE FOR THE UNITED STATES' SECTIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL WORKING MEN'S ASSOCIATION Citizens,— The General Council of the Association consider it their duty to communicate publicly to you evidence on the conduct, during the French Civil War, of Mr. Washburne, the American Ambassador. I The following statement is made by Mr. Robert Reid, a Scotchman who has lived for seventeen years in Paris, and acted during the Civil War as a correspondent for the London Dai/3! Telegraph and The New York Herald. Let us remark, in passing, that The Daily Telegraph, in the interests of the Versailles Government, falsified even the short telegraphic despatches transmitted to it by Mr. Reid. Mr. Reid, now in England, is ready to confirm his statement by affidavit. "The sounding of the general alarm, mingled with the roar of the cannon, continued all night. To sleep was impossible. Where, I thought, are the representatives of Europe and America? Can it be possible that in the midst of this effusion of innocent blood they should make no effort at conciliation? I could bear the thought no longer; and knowing that Mr. Washburne was in town, I resolved at once to go and see him. This was, I think, on the 17th of April; the exact date may, however, be ascertained from my letter to Lord Lyons, to whom I wrote on the same day. Crossing the Champs Elysées, on my way to Mr. Washburne's residence, I met numerous ambulance-waggons filled with the wounded and dying. 3 8 0 Karl Marx Shells were bursting around the Arc de Triomphe, and many innocent people were added to the long list of M. Thiers's victims. "Arriving at No. 95, Rue de Chaillot, I inquired at the Concierge's for the United States' Ambassador, and was directed to the second floor. The particular flight or flat you dwell in is, in Paris, an almost unerring indication of your wealth and position,— a sort of social barometer. We find here a marquis on the first front floor, and an humble mechanic on the fifth back floor,— the stairs that divide them represent the social gulf between them. As I climbed up the stairs, meeting no stout flunkeys in red breeches and silk stockings, I thought, 'Ah! the Americans lay their money out to the best advantage,—we throw ours away.' "Entering the secretary's room, I inquired for Mr. Washburne.—Do you wish to see him personally? — I do.— My name having been sent in, I was ushered into his presence. He was lounging in an easy-chair, reading a newspaper. I expected he would rise; but he remained sitting with the paper still before him, an act of gross rudeness in a country where the people are generally so polite. "I told Mr. Washburne that we were betraying the cause of humanity, if we did not endeavour to bring about a conciliation. Whether we succeeded or not, it was at all events our duty to try; and the moment seemed the more favourable, as the Prussians were just then pressing Versailles for a definitive settlement. The united influence of America and England would turn the balance in favour of peace. "Mr. Washburne said, The men in Paris are rebels. Let them lay down their arms. ' I replied that the National Guards had...


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