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Indicators The information for “Strategic Asia by the Numbers” was compiled by NBR Next Generation Fellow Anton Wishik and NBR interns Naomi McMillen and Greg Chaffin. Strategic Asia by the Numbers The following twelve pages contain tables and figures drawn from NBR’s Strategic Asia database and its sources. This appendix consists of fourteen tables covering politics, economics, trade and investment, energy and the environment, security challenges, and nuclear arms and nonproliferation. The data sets presented here summarize the critical trends in the region and changes underway in the balance of power in Asia. The Strategic Asia database contains additional data for all 37 countries in “Strategic Asia” across 70 indicators arranged in ten broad thematic areas: economy, finance, trade and investment, government spending, population, energy and the environment, communications and transportation, armed forces, nuclear arms, and politics. Hosted on the program’s website (, the database is a repository of authoritative data for 1990–2011. The database’s public interface was upgraded in 2011 and now includes a mapping feature that displays current and historical Asian military developments, including international military assets, exercises, and peacekeeping operations. The Strategic Asia database was developed with .NET, Microsoft’s XMLbased platform, which allows users to dynamically link to all or part of the Strategic Asia data set and facilitates easy data sharing. The database also includes additional links that allow users to access related online resources seamlessly. 378 • Strategic Asia 2012–13 Politics Late 2011 and 2012 saw leadership continuity in several key actors in the region. Vladimir Putin was elected to his third term as Russia’s president after a term as prime minister, Ma Ying-jeou was reelected as president of Taiwan, and Kim Jong-un became head of state in North Korea following the death of his father. The U.S. presidential election and China’s leadership succession are both scheduled to occur in fall 2012. • In September 2011, Yoshihiko Noda replaced Naoto Kan as Prime Minister of Japan. Noda is Japan’s sixth prime minister in six years. • In China, the fall of Politburo member and Chongqing party chief Bo Xilai in the run-up to the 18th Party Congress—at which time Xi Jinping was expected to succeed Hu Jintao as president of China and general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)—called into question the unity of the top CCP leadership. • Political liberalization in Myanmar accelerated as pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy won 43 of the 45 parliamentary seats up for election in 2012. T A B L E 1 Political leadership Political leaders Date assumed office Next election Australia Prime Minister Julia Gillard June 2010 2013 China President Hu Jintao March 2003 2012–13* India Prime Minister Manmohan Singh May 2004 2014 Indonesia President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono October 2004 2014 Japan Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda August 2011 2013 Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev December 1991 2016 Malaysia Prime Minister Mohamed Najib bin Abdul Razak April 2009 2013 Myanmar President Thein Sein Febuary 2011 2015 Pakistan Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani March 2008 2012 Philippines President Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III June 2010 2016 Russia President Vladimir Putin May 2012 2018 South Korea President Lee Myung-bak Febuary 2008 2012 Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou January 2009 2016 Thailand Prime Minister Yingluck Sinawatra August 2011 2016 UnitedStates President Barack Obama January 2009 2012 S O U R C E : Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), The World Factbook, 2012. N O T E : Table shows the next election year in which the given leader may lose or retain his or her position. In some countries, elections may be called before these years. Asterisk indicates that although China will not hold a popular vote, a leadership transition is widely expected in 2012–13. Strategic Asia by the Numbers • 379 Voter turnout by registered voters in the most recent presidential and legislative elections (%) S O U R C E : International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, Voter Turnout Database, 2012. Philippines 2004 2011 84.1% 73.4% India Japan 2009 NA 69.3% United States 2008 2010 70.3% 41.6% Russia 2008 2011 69.7% 60.1% T A B L E 2 Political rights, corruption, and democracy Political rights score Corruption index Democracy index 2005 2011 2005 2010 2006 2011 Australia 1 1 8.8 8.8 9.1 9.2 China 7 7 3.2 3.6 3.0 3.1 India 2 2 2...


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