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INTRODUCTION 1. Michael Buerk, voice-over to Mohamed Amin’s film report of the Ethiopian famine, Nine O’Clock News, BBC1, 23 October 1984. 2. My argument in this respect is similar to Zygmunt Bauman’s in Modernity and the Holocaust (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991). 3. Giorgio Agamben, Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life, trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1998). Agamben develops Michel Foucault’s work on governmentality and biopolitics ; see, for example, Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality, vol. 1, An Introduction, trans. Robert Hurley (Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books, 1990). 4. Michel Foucault, “Truth and Power,” in Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977 by Michel Foucault, ed. Colin Gordon (Brighton, England: Harvester Press, 1980). 5. A number of writers have drawn attention to the predominance of and the problems with technical solutions to famines; their work is discussed in greater detail in chapter 6. See, for example, Alex de Waal, Famine Crimes: Politics and the Disaster Relief Industry in Africa (Oxford: African Rights and the International African Institute in association with James Currey, 1997), 1–2; Mark Duffield, “The Symphony of the Damned: Racial Discourse , Complex Political Emergencies, and Humanitarian Aid,” Disasters 20, no. 3 (1996): 173–93. Others have discussed technologization in relation to security practices (Michael Dillon, The Politics of Security [London: Routledge, 1996]) and humanitarianism (David Campbell, “Why Fight: 161 Notes Humanitarianism, Principles, and Post-Structuralism,” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 27, no. 3 [1998]: 497–521.) For a recent discussion in relation to famine relief, see Barbara Hendrie, “Knowledge and Power: A Critique of an International Relief Operation,” Disasters 21, no. 1 (1997): 57–76. For an earlier analysis of technocratic approaches to disasters, Hendrie refers to Kenneth Hewitt, Interpretations of Calamity (Winchester, England : Allen and Unwin, 1983). 6. For a discussion of the distinction between politics and the political, see Jenny Edkins, Poststructuralism and International Relations: Bringing the Political Back In (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1999), chapter 1. 7. Mary B. Anderson, Do No Harm: How Aid Can Support Peace—Or War (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1999), published earlier as “Do No Harm: Supporting Local Capacities for Peace through Aid” (Cambridge, Mass.: Collaborative for Development Action, Local Capacities for Peace Project, 1996). 8. De Waal, Famine Crimes, xvi. 9. Ibid. 10. Nicholas Xenos, Scarcity and Modernity (London: Routledge, 1989). 11. De Waal, Famine Crimes, xvi. 12. Mark Duffield, “NGOs, Disaster Relief, and Asset Transfer in the Horn: Political Survival in a Permanent Emergency,” Development and Change 24 (1993): 131–57. 13. For a discussion of how this works in practice, see, for example, David Keen, The Benefits of Famine: A Political Economy of Famine and Relief in Southwestern Sudan, 1983–1989 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994); and Barbara Hendrie, “Knowledge and Power: A Critique of an International Relief Operation,” Disasters 21, no. 1 (1997): 57–76. These writers are discussed further in chapter 6. 14. A number of writers have analyzed modernity’s hunger for truth, including , for example, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Jacques Lacan, and Slavoj Žižek. I use their work here to explore responses to and responsibility for famine. I have given a detailed introduction to this body of thought in Jenny Edkins, Poststructuralism and International Relations. 15. David Campbell, “Why Fight,” 521. See also David Campbell, National Deconstruction: Violence, Identity, and Justice in Bosnia (Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, 1998). 16. Michel Foucault, “Intellectuals and Power: A Conversation between Michel Foucault and Gilles Deleuze,” in Language, Counter-Memory, Practice : Selected Essays and Interviews, ed. Donald F. Bouchard (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1977), 208. 17. Agamben traces the separation of bare life and politically qualified 162 · notes to introduction life as a distinction drawn between the private or domestic sphere (oikos) and the public sphere (polis). 1. PICTURES OF HUNGER 1. Michel Foucault, The Order of Things. 2. Giorgio Agamben, Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life, trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998). 3. Lead-in to the report on the Nine O’Clock News, BBC1, 23 October 1984. The film was shot by Mohamed Amin of VisiNews. 4. Michael Buerk, Nine O’Clock News, BBC1, 23 October 1984. 5. John Simpson of the BBC, quoted in Mary Kay Magistad, “The Ethiopian Bandwagon: The Relationship between News Media Coverage and British Foreign Policy toward the 1984–85 Ethiopian Famine,” master’s thesis, Sussex University, 1985, 86. 6. Greg Philo, “From Buerk to Band Aid...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780816666195
Related ISBN
9780816635061
MARC Record
OCLC
741926440
Pages
264
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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