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The preparation of this book was undertaken with financial support from the Economic and Social Research Council of the UK, and the final revisions took place while I was Leverhulme Special Research Fellow at the Department of International Politics at the University of Wales Aberystwyth; I am grateful to both organizations. For help in planning my visit to Eritrea and Ethiopia in March and April 1995, I would like to thank Ken Booth; Ian Robinson of the Centre for Arid Zone Studies in Bangor; Lionel Cliffe, June Rock, and others at the School of Development Studies in Leeds, particularly Teklemikiel Woldegiorgis; Trish Silkin; and, for help during the course of the visit, Simon Bush of the British Council in Asmara, Dr. Negusse who personally arranged many of the interviews, Guy Watson, Liz and Sam who gave me hospitality, and all those who agreed to be interviewed, including Dr. Assefaw Tekeste, Dr. Azbaha Haile, Martine Billanou, Laraine Black, Douglas Broderick, Ghirmai Mebrahtu, Tony Hall, Mike Harvey, Arild Jacobsen, Lalit Godamunne, Musa Hussein Naib, Dr. Nerayo Teklemichael, Lois Purdham, Emma Roberts , Saba Essayes, Ibrahim Said, Vanessa Sayers, Jacky Sutton, Teklewoini Assefa, and Bram Voets. I am greatly indebted to the kindness shown by Manuel Montecinos in agreeing to let me travel with him in Eritrea and to Ibrahim Said in suggesting it in the first place. I am very grateful to everyone else who was so helpful during the course of the fieldwork, including the many people in Afabet, Agordat, xi Acknowledgments Halhal, Keren, Nacfa, and Tessanie who let me take part in meetings and discussions. Conversations with colleagues in development studies, politics, international relations, policy research, and government have been crucial at many stages. During the year I spent at the University of Manchester, I was able to convene a Politics of Emergency workshop , and I owe colleagues in the Departments of Government and Sociology and in the Institute of Development Policy and Management thanks for their support in this project, particularly Paul Cammack , the late Elizabeth Carlo, Pandeli Glavanis, Philip Gummett, David Hulme, Peter Lawler, David Pool, and Ralph Young. This workshop led to the setting up of an ESRC-funded research seminar series and the Emerging Political Complexes discussion group. The latter group, convened by Mark Duffield in Birmingham, including David Campbell, Mick Dillon, David Keen, Joanna Macrae, John Ryle, and Nick Stockton, provided both encouragement and constructive feedback on my work. Discussion at all these various meetings has been stimulating and helpful in the final stages of preparation of the manuscript. Students in my masters courses on the international politics of famine at Manchester and Aberystwyth, my course on famine and conflict in Africa, and my extramural classes in Aberystwyth have all contributed in significant ways to the development of the arguments in this book. John Gurr, Mair Jones, and Jen Stuttle are owed particular thanks. Without the comments of two anonymous readers and the editors of the Borderlines series, David Campbell and Mike Shapiro, the book would have been very much the poorer. I would also like to thank Sarah Owen Vandersluis and Paris Yeros for their invaluable comments on an earlier version of parts of chapters 3 and 6, which was published as “Legality with a Vengeance: Famines and Humanitarian Relief in ‘Complex Emergencies,’” Millennium: Journal of International Studies 25, no. 3 (1996): 547–75. This later appeared under the same title in Poverty in World Politics: Whose Global Era?, edited by Sarah Owen Vandersluis and Paris Yeros (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2000), 59–90. Finally, among many others, I would like to thank Christopher Clapham for invaluable comments on a draft of the whole book; Alex de Waal, Nalini Persram, Colin Wight, and Marysia Zalewski for generously commenting on various parts of the emerging text; and Cynthia Enloe, Pete Moorehead Wright, Babu xii · acknowledgments Rahman, Rob Walker, Cynthia Weber, and Nicholas Wheeler, for many helpful conversations. Véronique Pin-Fat has been an invaluable friend and ally throughout. Other intellectual debts remain, of course, and the usual disclaimers apply; none of the above is responsible for the arguments advanced in what follows. There is one other person I must mention. I owe a particular debt to Steve Smith, who prompted me to examine famine in the first place and whose support has sustained the project since. Finally, no one will be more pleased that this book is finally complete than my family: I have drawn heavily on their support and encouragement throughout. acknowledgments · xiii This page intentionally...


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