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PA RT T WO Beyond the Security Realm SECURITY STRATEGIES are considered first and foremost in terms of their performance and promise in safeguarding the nation’s highest values from purposeful external threats. This is what they are intended and expected to do. In addition, security strategies have decided consequences outside the security realm—if not by design, then unintentionally, if not directly, then tangentially, if not immediately, then over time. And while the protection of the nation’s highest values obviously comes first, a strategy ’s consequences for the nation’s various extrasecurity values constitute patently important evaluative standards, all the more so at present— in the absence of a major security threat. The second part of this book considers each of America’s extrasecurity values that have been or could be significantly affected by the alternative security strategies. It compares the national and international strategies as they affect our ideal and material values, abroad and at home. Chapter 8 considers the strategies’ contributions to the realization of the country’s liberal, peaceful ideals within and between states. Chapter 9 compares their impact upon the nation’s external economic relations and economic well-being at home. Chapter 10 focuses upon America’s domestic political ideals: the government’s responsiveness to Congress, respect for civil liberties, and adherence to the laws. And one part of the final chapter takes up America’s desired standing in the world—preeminent, strong, principled, self and other regarding. There are no other substantial extrasecurity grounds in choosing between the alternative strategies. Each chapter comes to the same conclusion: A national strategy promises considerably more than strategic internationalism in fulfilling the nation ’s extrasecurity values. (Unlike the five strategic propositions, these chapters’ claims are separate ones; they do not relate to one another despite their similar conclusions.) In some respects the national strategy promotes our extrasecurity values “directly” at home. In others it does so by allowing for and heightening the effectiveness of U.S. foreign policy. The concurrent foreign policy that reconfigures isolationism takes the form of a three-track design: The minimally activist security strategy, in and of itself, and as it relates to a moderately ambitious idealistic activism and an assertive and affirmative economic diplomacy. As for the historical isolationists’ extrasecurity arguments and predictions, these turn out to be regularly justifiable and frequently warranted by contemporaneous and subsequent developments. Where they were wide of the mark, their claims were usually fashioned in an extreme, possibly rhetorical manner. PART TWO 182 And while the concurrent foreign policy diverges from the historical isolationists ’ outright rejection of idealistic activism, their critique of liberal internationalism still helps make the case for the pursuit of a principled, moderated liberal project alongside a national strategy. The last chapter has a very different aim. Here it is shown that the concurrent design matches up with the country’s foreign policy culture, more so than any other grand design. It can thus be viewed as a distinctly American foreign policy, with all that this implies for its widespread political appeal and possible adoption. ...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781400821815
Related ISBN
9780691029214
MARC Record
OCLC
191952687
Pages
352
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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