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Illustration Sources and Credits ✸ 317 Index absolute time. See time, absolute Academy of Sciences, Paris, 123, 131, 136, 140, 142, 178, 287 Academy of Sciences, Bordeaux, 120, 287–88 Academy Olympia, 197, 226 Achinstein, Peter, 161 Act against Multipliers, 76, 83 Adam and Eve, 52, 58, 60, 76 Aldini, Giovanni, 128–29 agnosticism, 164, 168–71, 251, 314 alchemy, 70–94, 158, 232, 255; Boyle on, 81–84; Einstein on, 253–54; Newton on, 63–64, 71, 83–84; and Pythagoras, 70–75, 85, 93, 278, 280; Trevisan on, 77; Valentine on, 77–83 Alcock, Thomas, 65 Aldini, Giovanni, 128–29 Apollo, the sun god, 40, 42, 71, 72, 78–80, 83, 266, 267 Apollonius of Tyana, 42, 70, 267 aqua regia, 80–82, 280 Arabatzis, Theodore, 157, 159, 292, 295 Archimedes, 14–15, 41 Aristarchus of Samos, 14–15, 19, 24, 41 Aristotle, on Earth’s motion, 13–14, 41, 46, 260; on the elements, 265; on falling bodies, 3, 5–7, 9–10, 12, 250, 258; on the heavens, 16, 24–25, 29–30, 35, 38, 45; on Thales of Miletus, 290; on Pythagoras, 16 Armstrong, Henry, 159 astrology, 22, 43, 45, 70, 232, 266, 267–69 atheism, 82, 164, 166–68, 171, 251 Augustine of Hippo, Saint, 43, 268, 269 Aveling, Edward, 251 Avitus, Alcimus, 274 Baldwin, James Mark, 221–22, 224 Baliani, Giovanni, 10 Bacchus, god of wine, 71 Baretti, Giuseppe, 44 Becquerel, Henri, 85, 90 Bellarmino, Roberto, 36–37, 43 Bellaso, Giovanni, 259 Belyaev, Dmitri, 245–46 Bergner, Elisabeth, 166 Bessel, Friedrich, 46, 270 Besso, Michele Angelo, 174–75, 197, 207–13, 217, 305 Bible, 22, 25, 34–36, 40, 41, 44, 52, 58, 60, 76, 105, 267, 278; Bellarmino on, 36; Brahe on, 25; Catholic theologians on, 25, 35–36, 44, Einstein on, 164, 169–70; and Eve’s apple, 274; Foscarini on, 36; Galileo on, 34–35; Kepler on, 28, 34–35; Luther on, 22 Biot, Jean-Baptiste, 274–75, 289 Blondel, Christine, 141, 291 Bolton, Henry Carrington, 84 Boltzmann, Ludwig, 196 Boulliau, Ismaël, 57 Bowman, David, 97 “Boyle’s Law,” 81, 279 Boyle, Robert, 81–84, 279 Brahe, Tycho, 23–27, 41, 45, 46; death of, 26, 263; nose of, 23–24, 262 Brewster, David, 53–54, 65–67, 276 Bruno, Giordano, xi, 29–31, 33, 36, 41, 249, 263, 269 Bryson, Bill, xii Buck, Carrie, 237 Buckland, William, 101 Buchwald, Jed Z., 141, 142, Burnet, Gilbert, 82 Byron, George, 60–62, 63 Cabeo, Niccolò, 8, 10 Caesar, Julius, 19, 47, 90, 270 calendars, 19, 23–24, 47–48, 128, 270 Calvin, John, 23, 37, 39; followers of, 30 Campbell, Joseph, 94 Campbell, Norman, 156 catastrophism, 99–103, 104, 284 317 cathode rays, 150–63, 292, 293, 294 Catholic Church, 19, 22, 24, 30, 35–45, 76– 77, 164, 267, 269. See also Christianity Catholic Inquisition, 2, 30, 36–40, 43, 249 Caverni, Rafaello, 10 Chalmers, Thomas, 64, 275–76 Christianity, 23, 35, 37, 40–44, 164, 171, 251, 266–67. See also Calvin, John; Catholic Church; God; Jesus Christ; Luther, Martin; Pope Chronos, god of time, 206 Cicero, Marcus Tullius, 19, 38, 268 circular motions, Aristarchus on, 14–15; Brahe on, 25–27; Bruno against, 29–30, 263; Copernicus on, 19, 23, 41; Foscarini on, 35; Galileo on, 39; Kepler on, 29, 46; of planets, 13–18, 23, 46; Ptolemy on, 16–20, 41; and the Pythagoreans, 13, 41, 265, 266 circularity, of time and speed, 182–83 Cohen, I. Bernard, 125–26 comets, 16, 25 Conduitt, Catherine, 54, 64, 65, 272 Conduitt, John, 51, 53, 54, 56, 61, 64, 65, 271, 275 conjectures, alchemists’, 75, 92; Cohen on, 126; Cuvier’s, 99–100; Darwin’s, 108–13; Einstein’s, 173, 194; Milton on, v; Newton on, v, 55–56; historical, xii–xvi, 3, 10, 62, 75, 97, 126, 140, 196–97, 201–2, 204, 210–14, 217–18, 234, 248, 251–55; Keesing’s, 67–68; Kepler’s, 32–33, 38 Connor, James A., 261 contraction. See length contraction conventions, 183 Cook, Florence, 160, 295 Coolidge, Calvin, 236, 311 Cooper, Lane, 2, 9–12 Copernican system, 13, 24, 26, 30–39, 43–45, 249 Copernicus, Nicolaus, xi, 19–37, 41, 43–46, 58, 103, 249, 261, 266; death of, 22–23 Coresio, Giorgio, 7, 10 Corney, Bolton, 61, 64 Coulomb, Charles A., 57, 129–46, 154, 178, 255, 290, 291 Council of Trent, 35, 26 Crollie, Oswald, 70, 74 Crookes, William, 153–54, 158, 160–61, 295 Crowther, James...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780822980179
Related ISBN
9780822962304
MARC Record
OCLC
887803456
Pages
345
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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