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477 Index Abacha, Sani, 265, 293, 342, 355 Abdul Qadeer Khan Network: disruption of, 150, 151; financing for, 135; and nuclear proliferation, 124, 126–28, 138, 139, 142–43, 156; Pakistani protection of, 136. See also Khan, Abdul Qadeer Abkhazia, criminal state of, 12 Abramoff, Jack, 38 Abubakar, Atiku, 265, 272 Academic literature on corruption, 30, 50, 167–68, 171, 207 ACB. See Anti-Corruption Bureau Accountability mechanisms: antidote to corruption proliferation, 19; causing corruption, 7, 14, 312–13; in corporations, 21; effectiveness of, 343; in Guatemala, 72, 76; in Kosovo, 84; in Mozambique, 79; in Nigeria, 16; second-generation corruption estimator, 6, 52 Achebe, Chinua, 286, 292–93 Adamov, Evgeniy, 137 Adedibu, Lamidi, 272 Advanced Spectroscopic Portals, 151 Afghanistan: corrupt public officials in, 100; illicit trading by, 211; narcoterrorism in, 175; Reconstruction Trust Fund of, 88; response to corruption in, 356; and Taliban, 11, 12; weapons in, 173 Afolabi, Sunday, 265 Africa: Afrobarometer Survey for, 58; bribery in, 418; EITI candidate countries in, 426; governance assessment of, 59, 60, 317; illicit activities in, 8–9; lack of multiplier effect in, 6; management of public funds in, 444–45, 446; natural resources corruption in, 423–24; origins of corruption and bribery in, 342, 346; public reactions to corruption in, 284, 286; systemic corruption in, 13, 283, 354; transnational criminal organizations in, 111. See also specific countries African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, 327, 329 African Development Bank, 425, 426 African Peer Review Mechanism, 59, 60, 317 Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), 226–27 Air Force (Israel), 364 Air Force (U.S.), 144 Akwanga, Hussaini, 265 Alamieyeseigha, Diepreye, 267 19 0328-0 bm.qxd 7/15/09 3:54 PM Page 477 Albania and organized crime groups, 108 Alcatel, 371 Allum, Felia, 105 Al Qaeda: financing for, 174; procurement of nuclear materials, 10, 129–30, 133, 156 Alstom, prosecution of, 371 Aluko, Jones, 269 Andreyev, Andrej, 136 Anechiarico, Frank, 393 Angola: compared to Mozambique, 79; corruption and lack of transparency in, 74–76, 86–87; Index of African Governance rating of, 74; post-conflict corruption in, 68–71; and Publish What You Pay, 424; transnational criminal organizations exploitation of, 106 Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB, Malawi), 321, 323 Anti-corruption efforts, 416–28, 457–67; accountability systems for, 19, 314; Atlantic Council recommendations for, 219; bottom-up strategies for, 22, 326; comprehensive strategy for, 409–10; and contract penalties, 406–07, 409; and corporate debarment, 403–04, 406, 407; by corporations, 21, 22, 368–69; in developing countries, 360–61, 375, 466–67; failure of, 417–18; good governance best practices for, 458–59; for governments, 22; and human rights, 18–19, 310–11, 315, 325–31; and integrity, 393–94, 420–23; international solutions for, 188–89; legal framework for, 241–45, 390–91; measurements of, 47; mobilization of, 418–20; and natural resource wealth, 423–28; and nullification of corrupt contracts, 404–05, 406; plague of corruption upon, 417–18; of political leaders, 342, 343, 356; in post-conflict situations, 7–8; in post– Soviet Union countries, 218–25, 228–29; and poverty reduction, 418; problems with, 442–43; for proliferation -related corruption, 142–56; recommendations for, 24–25, 39–40, 63, 88–89, 141–55, 225–30, 442, 452; standards for, 312, 314; success of, 20; and sustained economic growth, 460; top-down efforts of, 354, 392, 396, 397, 399–400, 409; zero tolerance approach to, 400. See also Multi-national corporations; specific countries Anti-corruption incentives, 389–410; bottom-up, 398–400, 405, 407–10; contract penalties of, 406–07; debarment of, 403–04; leniency for corrupt actions, 400–03, 409; limiting leaders, 397–98; nullification of, 404–05; policy implications of, 409–10; principles-based, 393–96; rules-based, 389–93; top-down strategies for, 354, 393–96, 399–400, 401, 409–10; whistle-blowing of, 407–08 Anti-Corruption Network, 221–22 Aondoakaa, Michael, 272–73 Apter, Andrew, 301–02 A.Q. Khan Research Laboratories, 127. See also Abdul Qadeer Khan Network Argentina, Transparency International chapter in, 423 Aristotle, 37 Armenia: corruption in, 199; criminalized state of, 12, 229; Global Integrity Index rating of, 198; MONEYVAL member, 227 Arusha Accords, Burundian, 80 478 Index 19 0328-0 bm.qxd 7/15/09 3:54 PM Page 478 Asia: bribery in, 418; corruption in, 6, 13, 222; EITI candidate countries in, 426. See also specific countries Asian Development Bank, 375 AsiaWeek on Taiwan triads, 104 Aspen Institute, 419 Atlantic Council...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780815703969
MARC Record
OCLC
489260840
Pages
497
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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