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accountability (oversight mechanisms for policies), 18–19, 201, 205 administrative templates (biểu mẫu văn bản hành chính): overview of, 13, 14, 26, 82, 89–91, 110; as bureaucratic shorthand, 93–94; emulation practices and, 101, 103; field reports versus, 91–94, 98, 100–101, 105–6; layering and, 90–91, 94, 100; Leninism and, 89–90, 92; Marxism and, 89–90, 92; mistrust and, 91, 103; under NMS, 142; sequencing and, 90–91, 94, 100; standardization of forms and, 92, 99–101, 102, 103, 228n32; statistics and, 89–90, 91–92; thriftiness and, 101, 103 An Thụy (Ðồ Sơn District), 125, 149, 217–18, 229n31 Anagnost, Ann, 47 approval process, for “new” village conventions, 184–86 armed conflicts: cooperatives tension with, 86, 133, 138, 144, 165–66; political matters tension with, 15–16, 209, 234n5. See also specific armed conflict Association (Bac Ninh Association for Animal Husbandry and the Protection of Biodiversity) sanctuary. See Bac Ninh Association for Animal Husbandry and the Protection of Biodiversity (Association) sanctuary autonomy (discretionary authority), 18, 87, 205 averagism (chủ nghĩa bình quân), 26, 108, 115–16, 140 Ba cùng (“Three Togethers”), 45–46 Bắc Giang Province, 9–10, 10, 89, 182, 220n21 Bắc Kạn Province, 9–10, 10, 99–100, 220n21 Bac Ninh Association for Animal Husbandry and the Protection of Biodiversity (Association) sanctuary: overview of, 190–92; approval process for, 198–99; civilization in context of, 194–97, 202; feasibility study for, 194–97; GRBI for, 197; inequalities and, 196–97; mistrust and, 193–94, 200–201; prerevolutionary cultural 259 Index Page numbers in italics indicate illustrations and tables. Bac Ninh Association (continued) forms and, 192–93; SAIC and, 190–92, 194–98–9, 201; socialist marketization in context of modification of, 188, 192–94, 200–202; tourism and, 190, 193, 199–201. See also “new” village conventions (hướng ước mới) Bắc Ninh Province, 9–10, 10, 177, 182, 188, 197, 203, 220n21 Bakhtin, Mikhail, 135 bắt rễ xâu chẫu (“striking the root to string the beads”), 45–46, 49–50, 52, 53, 224n42 Beresford, Melanie, 115–17, 224n53 Bhabba, Homi, 75 biểu mẫu văn bản hành chính (administrative templates). See administrative templates (biểu mẫu văn bản hành chính) bình quân chủ nghĩa (equalism), 26, 107–8 bitterness or “speak bitterness” sessions (tố khổ), 43, 44, 47, 50–51 blame discourse, and low-level cadres, 19–20, 222n48 bottom-up reform (“reform from below”): decollectivization and, 135, 157; GRBIs and, 155–56; initiatives and, 155–56; labor contract experiments and, 126; performance audits and, 138; poverty reduction and, x–xi; scholarship on, 28, 213; top-down reform as conflicting/complimentary with, 28, 138, 208, 213 “to build socialism” (xây dựng chủ nghĩa xã hội), xiii, 7, 10, 13–14, 14, 209–12 Burawoy, Michael, 157 bureaucracies (state bureaucracies): overview of, xix; bureaucratic professionalism in, 22–23, 25, 82, 142; bureaucratic shorthand and, 93–94; competition between ministries in context of complexity of, 207; documentation and, 3, 6; material resources in context of overstated inputs and underreported outputs in all levels of, 6–7, 18, 207; papereality in context of illegibility of, 9, 208. See also administrative templates (biểu mẫu văn bản hành chính); labor contract (khoán) experiments; performance audits call and response dialogues, 39–41, 47, 51–52 capitalism: “new” village conventions and, 183, 200; state socialism in Vietnam in context of, 71–74, 73, 118. See also socialist marketization case studies, for verification of information on agricultural cooperatives, 91, 94–96 Centers for Poverty Reduction (CPRs), x–xi Central Land Reform Committee, 24–25, 32, 34, 43, 44, 46. See also revolutionary mobilization period centralization of documentation: overview and approaches to, 13, 14, 25–26, 207, 220n30, 221n31, 221n33; bureaucratic professionalism in context of, 22–23, 25, 82, 142; conflicting complementarity during, 15, 25–26, 82; documents and, 3–6, 92–93, 209; moral development tension with economic development and, 14–15; “scientific” management and, 25–26, 81–82; top-down reform and, 15. See also administrative templates (biểu mẫu văn bản hành chính); cooperatives (collectivization of agriculture); field reports by low-level cadres; labor contract (khoán) experiments; 260 Index performance audits; socialist marketization ; state socialism in Vietnam central...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780299295936
Related ISBN
9780299295943
MARC Record
OCLC
864900303
Pages
300
Launched on MUSE
2014-03-10
Language
English
Open Access
No
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