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xv The African Union Ten Years After SolvingAfricanProblemswithPan-Africanism andtheAfricanRenaissance Mammo Muchie, Phindile Lukhele-Olorunju and Oghenerobor Akpor INSPIRATION ’Dead, living, free, or in prison on the orders of the colonialists, it is not I who counts. It is the Congo, it is our people for whom independence has been transformed into a cage where we are regarded from the outside… History will one day have its say, but it will not be the history that Brussels, Paris, Washington, or the United Nations will teach, but that which they will teach in the countries emancipated from colonialism and its puppets… a history of glory and dignity.’ Patrice Lumumba ’To free the people still under colonial rule,let us all accept to die a little or even completely so that ’’African unity’’ doesn’t become mere words.’ Ahmed Ben Bella INTRODUCTION The Scramble for Africa series of conferences started in 2010. We are now going into the third Scramble for Africa conference. We continue to use this theme since Africa continues to suffer from the unfair treatment that has been forced upon her for over half a millennia. This subjugation still remains unabated and it must end now. But we are confronted with the threat that Africa may be yet be open for a new surprise – a new scramble for Africa. Why these threats are real is because African countries are still too fragmented and remain largely influenced by external actors who do not have Africa’s interests at heart. Africa can invite strangers, but they must not invite themselves to exploit its rich resources. Africa must stop relaying on donor aid and must unite to attain a self-reliant agency. Africa must not depend on the kindness of donors. Vast awareness and education INTRODUCTION xvi are needed to better articulate the vision of Africans in their struggle to realise their full humanity, well-being, self-worth, pride, confidence, liberation and dignity. The description and degradation of the human race by colour has been employed to enforce and justify slavery, colonialism, apartheid and imperialism . Africa has suffered the most from this injustice; the humanity of the African people has been rejected, and they have been commoditised for sale and purchase as chattels. This inflicted the dehumanising degradation of the African personality that has not been fully overcome to this day. The self-worth, confidence, self-reliance and dignity of all Africans have yet to be fully restored. The African personality has to be restored. Today, it is through the movement of pan-Africanism, African renaissance and accelerated African peoples unity that all Africans can be cured of the historical blight of colonialism and neo-colonialism and their current more sophisticated and subtler forms of expression. It is by uniting Africans as Africans first that their own humanity can be re-claimed. The misinterpretation of the striving of Africans to create a united African nation as misplaced is failure to acknowledge the need for Africans to attain full confidence and make a break from the legacy of dehumanising commodification that was imposed on their being and personality . The Africa nation is waiting to be forged. Its formation and foundation of African civic identity first promotes rather than hinder the best expression of the variety of diverse and different races, colours, languages, ethnic groups, religions and regions. All settlers and those who originated from African soil can realise the full consciousness of African civic identity. We take the opportunity of the OAU/AU Jubilee year and propose that the remaining challenges that draw Africa back into coloniality must end for good, and a sustainable post-colonial era with integration, unity, and renaissance must be sustained so that all Africans should be able to enjoy full well-being, including those at the bottom of the bottom. The OAU/AU Jubilee has rightly timed 2013 as the year to advance pan-Africanism and the African renaissance precisely by making the case for Africa to move out of coloniality and neo-colonialism, into a definitive and sustainable era of post-coloniality. The launch of the African Union (AU) in Durban, South Africa, in July 2002 heralded significant advances in shifting the paradigm from not only continuing to struggle against the after-effects of colonialism and apartheid, but also for building a strong African Union by integrating the African people, economy , space and society, and by making being African or African-ness a means to open the opportunity for...


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