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For more than thirty-five years, Thomas W. Dichter has worked in the field of international development, managing and evaluating projects for nongovernmental organizations, directing a Peace Corps country program, and serving as a consultant for such agencies as USAID, UNDP, and the World Bank. On the basis of this extensive and varied experience, he has become an outspoken critic of what he terms the “international poverty alleviation industry.” He believes that efforts to reduce world poverty have been well intentioned but largely ineffective. On the whole, the development industry has failed to serve the needs of the people it has sought to help. To make his case, Dichter reviews the major trends in development assistance from the 1960s through the 1990s, illustrating his analysis with eighteen short stories based on his own experiences in the field. The analytic chapters are thus grounded in the daily life of development workers as described in the stories. Dichter shows how development organizations have often become caught up in their own self-perpetuation and in public relations efforts designed to create an illusion of effectiveness. Tracing the evolution of the role of money (as opposed to ideas) in development assistance, he suggests how financial imperatives have reinforced the tendency to sponsor time-bound, direct intervention projects, creating a dependency among aid recipients. He also examines the rise of careerism and increased bureaucratization in the industry, arguing that assistance efforts have become disconnected from important lessons learned on the ground, and often lessons of world history. In the end, Dichter calls for a more light-handed and artful approach to development assistance, with fewer agencies and experts involved. His stance is pragmatic rather than ideological or political. What matters, he says, is what works, and the current practices of the development industry are simply not effective. “A literate, entertaining, and soul-searching critique of the international aid business , by an insider who will make other insiders think hard about what they are doing and where they are going.”—Ian Smillie, author of Patronage or Partnership: Local Capacity Building in Humanitarian Crises “I can think of no study as comprehensive and grounded in such wide experience and knowledge as Dichter’s. The presentation is amazingly effective, especially the alternation of narrative accounts of hypothetical (but very believable) examples of technical assistance projects with factual discussions of aspects of developmental assistance. . . . A highly readable and literate book.”—Barbara B. Burn, author of Expanding the International Dimension of Higher Education Thomas W. Dichter holds a Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Chicago and has taught courses at Tufts University, Clark University, and Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School. Cover design by Jack Harrison Cover photographs courtesy of the author University of Massachusetts Press Amherst & Boston Despite Good Intentions DICHTER WHY DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE TO THE THIRD WORLD HAS FAILED Massachusetts DESPITE GOOD INTENTIONS This page intentionally left blank ...


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MARC Record
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