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Democracy and Hindu Nationalism in Modern India
The rise of strong nationalist and religious movements in postcolonial and newly democratic countries alarms many Western observers. In The Saffron Wave, Thomas Hansen turns our attention to recent events in the world's largest democracy, India. Here he analyzes Indian receptivity to the right-wing Hindu nationalist party and its political wing, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which claims to create a polity based on "ancient" Hindu culture. Rather than interpreting Hindu nationalism as a mainly religious phenomenon, or a strictly political movement, Hansen places the BJP within the context of the larger transformations of democratic governance in India.
Hansen demonstrates that democratic transformation has enabled such developments as political mobilization among the lower castes and civil protections for religious minorities. Against this backdrop, the Hindu nationalist movement has successfully articulated the anxieties and desires of the large and amorphous Indian middle class. A form of conservative populism, the movement has attracted not only privileged groups fearing encroachment on their dominant positions but also "plebeian" and impoverished groups seeking recognition around a majoritarian rhetoric of cultural pride, order, and national strength. Combining political theory, ethnographic material, and sensitivity to colonial and postcolonial history, The Saffron Wave offers fresh insights into Indian politics and, by focusing on the links between democracy and ethnic majoritarianism, advances our understanding of democracy in the postcolonial world.
Geo- and Bio-Archaeology at Sagalassos and in its Territory
Since 1990, the ancient city of Sagalassos in southwestern Turkey has been the focus of an interdisciplinary archaeological research project coordinated by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. The papers collected in this volume reveal how the meticulous systematic and interdisciplinary reconstruction of the ecology and economy of the site and its territory has enhanced our understanding of the ancient settlement and its inhabitants beyond the traditional aspects of classical archaeology in Asia Minor. Highlighting geo-archaeological, archaeometrical, and bio-archaeological work performed within the framework of excavations and surveys between 1996 and 2006, this important book's insights greatly enhance the promotion of real interdisciplinarity in classical archaeology.
Western Movies and Twentieth-Century America
Après quatre décennies de prospérité sans pareille au cours de son histoire, le Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean fait face depuis 25 ans déjà à une difficile mutation vers un nouveau cycle dans l'évolution de sa structure économique. Ces difficultés seront illustrées par les indicateurs classiques à propos de la démographie, de l'emploi, de la pauvreté, de l'entrepreneuriat, du revenu des ménages, de l'investissement, de la démocratie.Précis dans les diagnostics effectués, vigoureux dans les pronostics formulés et réaliste dans les thérapeutiques proposées, cet ouvrage à tous ceux et celles à qui l'avenir du Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean tient à cour et à raison. Il ne se veut ni exhaustif ni définitif. Loin s'en faut. Ce livre s'inscrit néanmoins comme un outil fondamental pour soutenir l'accélération du rythme de l'apprentissage collectif vers un nouveau cycle économique structurel pour cette région.
Space and Mobility in Northwest Africa
The Sahara has long been portrayed as a barrier that divides the Mediterranean world from Africa proper and isolates the countries of the Maghrib from their southern and eastern neighbors. Rather than viewing the desert as an isolating barrier, this volume takes up historian Fernand Braudel's description of the Sahara as "the second face of the Mediterranean." The essays recast the history of the region with the Sahara at its center, uncovering a story of densely interdependent networks that span the desert's vast expanse. They explore the relationship between the desert's "islands" and "shores" and the connections and commonalities that unite the region. Contributors draw on extensive ethnographic and historical research to address topics such as trade and migration; local notions of place, territoriality, and movement; Saharan cities; and the links among ecological, regional, and world-historical approaches to understanding the Sahara.
On the Margins of Ho Chi Minh City
The Restless Journey and Tragic Sinking of a Tall Ship
The tall ship Sofia sank off New Zealand’s North Island in February 1982, stranding its crew on disabled life rafts for five days. They struggled to survive as any realistic hope of rescue dwindled. Just a few years earlier, Pamela Sisman Bitterman was a naïve swabbie looking for adventure, signing on with a sailing co-operative taking this sixty-year-old, 123-foot, three-masted gaff-topsail schooner around the globe. The aged Baltic trader had been rescued from a wooden boat graveyard in Sweden and reincarnated as a floating commune in the 1960s. By the time Sofia went down, Bitterman had become an able seaman, promoted first to bos’un and then acting first mate, immersing herself in this life of a tall ship sailor, world traveler, and survivor.