An Introductory History
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: West Virginia University Press
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East Africa has a long and rich history that extends back, by most accounts, to the origins of man. This volume offers a history of the region from the Stone Age to the 1990s. Although the modern nations East Africa comprises—Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda—did not exist in their present shape before the twentieth century, ...
Chapter 1 EAST AFRICAN GEOGRAPHY
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The portion of the continent known as East Africa comprises the present countries of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania (the mainland), plus the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba. This region is extremely varied in its topography, climate, and vegetation. It includes the humid coastal fringe and the snowcapped peaks ...
Chapter 2 THE PEOPLING OF EAST AFRICA TO C. 1000 A.D.
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The earliest history of East Africa can only be broadly outlined here. The period of time covered by this chapter is vast; knowledge of the millennia that make up the period is sketchy and presents a challenge for the historian. Most of the information known about human history in the region during this period, ...
Chapter 3 THE EAST AFRICAN COAST TO 1800
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It is useful for historians to consider the East African coast and interior as separate entities with divergent historical experiences. This is not because there was no contact between the relatively narrow coastal belt and the interior and not because the people who resided at the coast were different from those of the interior. ...
Chapter 4 THE EAST AFRICAN INTERIOR: C. 1000 TO 1650
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During the six and a half centuries after 1000 A.D., the various population groups, speaking different languages and practicing varied cultures, that had made a place for themselves in the region continued to adapt to conditions in East Africa through settlement, migration, and interaction. As a result of this interaction, ...
Chapter 5 THE EAST AFRICAN INTERIOR FROM THE MID-SEVENTEENTH TO MID-NINETEENTH CENTURY
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The period stretching from the middle of the seventeenth to the middle of the nineteenth century was a time of continued movement and interaction among East Africa’s peoples. These years witnessed some substantial movements of peoples within the region and from outside. By the end of the period the ethnic and ...
Chapter 6 EAST AFRICA AND THE WIDER WORLD IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
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The first eight decades of the nineteenth century brought new and important actors onto the stage of East Africa, the most significant of them coming from outside Africa. In the first decades after 1800, Omani Arab influence was reestablished on the coast, and Arab and Swahili traders forged commercial ties ...
Chapter 7 THE SCRAMBLE FOR EAST AFRICA
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Between 1880 and 1895 Britain and Germany divided up East Africa between them. Although their authority had yet to be made effective in the territories they claimed, this “scramble for East Africa” involved a distinct change in policy for the European powers. Thus, these years were crucial in determining the fate of East Africa ...
Chapter 8 THE ESTABLISHMENT OF EUROPEAN RULE: 1890S TO 1914
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Between the official declarations of protectorates in the 1890s and the start of the First World War, Germany and Britain established control of the East African territories to which they had laid claim. With the exception of Zanzibar, this involved first and foremost the conquest of the region. Both Germany and Britain ...
Chapter 9 EAST AFRICA FROM THE FIRST WORLD WAR TO THE SECOND: 1914–1939
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During the First World War and the years that followed, the political patterns and structures in East Africa continued along the lines they had assumed by 1914. The war formed a brief, albeit destructive, interruption in the development of this pattern. The interwar years would be characterized by consolidation rather than innovation. ...
Chapter 10 THE RISE OF NATIONALISM AND ACHIEVEMENT OF INDEPENDENCE IN EAST AFRICA: 1939–1963
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The period beginning with World War II and extending for some twenty years after its conclusion was one of momentous events for all of East Africa. In these years, Britain initiated her most ambitious efforts at colonial development. Many more schools, hospitals, and health centers were opened, and far more extensive attempts ...
Chapter 11 INDEPENDENT EAST AFRICA, 1960s TO 1990s
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Between December 1961 and December 1963, Tanganyika, Uganda, Kenya, and Zanzibar achieved political independence from Great Britain. Inheriting a roughly similar colonial legacy, the newly independent states faced many similar problems in their first years as free nations. One of the most fundamental was, ...
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Glossary of African Terms
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Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 2009