Democracy, Membership, and Belonging in Latino Communities
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: Michigan State University Press
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Transnational Workers and the Politics of Citizenship
Rubén O. Martinez
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The liberalization of economic markets across the globe has intensified the growth of a global economy and increased the migration of workers across national boundaries. The phenomenon of runaway plants, that is, plants closing in industrialized nations and opening in countries with lower operating structures, was part of the processes of globalization. ...
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What does citizenship mean in the current context of globalization and the consequent changing nature of the state? And insofar as citizenship signals membership in a society, what does it really mean to “belong” to a community of citizens? Who belongs, and how do people experience that belonging today? How do we even “know” that we belong? ...
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For over two decades, most of my research and writing, and a good deal of my teaching, has focused on trying to understand the dynamic processes that have led to the transformation of Latino communities in the United States since the 1970s. When I was a youth growing up in a neighborhood bordering the barrios of Belvedere and El Hoyo in East Los Angeles, ...
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Latino communities have faced a broad range of challenges and obstacles in their long struggle to achieve equality, social justice, and equal membership in the major institutions of U.S. society. These have in fact been the primary normative goals that have animated and provided direction for the many different facets and forms of Latino politics. ...
Chapter 1. Framing the Question of Citizenship: Membership, Exclusionary Inclusion, and Latinos in the National Political Imaginary
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On Wednesday, April 2, 2003, the U.S. Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services awarded citizenship status posthumously to two young Latino immigrants, Jose Garibay and Jose Gutierrez, who were serving in the Marines and were killed during the first few days of the U.S. invasion of Iraq. ...
Chapter 2. Political Theory and Constructs of Membership: Difference and Belonging in Liberal Democracies
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Although the United States has always been a culturally diverse country, that diversity has constantly presented a challenge to the normative political imaginary based on white supremacy that was such a fundamental aspect of the ideology that underlay the political and cultural system. ...
Chapter 3. Reconceptualizing Citizenship: Membership, Belonging, and the Politics of Racialization
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The major concern of the frameworks discussed in the previous chapter is the problematic of deep diversity of cultural groups that has characterized liberal democracies for at least the last forty years. Each approach formulates the issue and frames the challenge in different conceptual and analytic terms. ...
Chapter 4. Associative Citizenship: Civil Society, Rights Claims, and Expanding the Public Sphere
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The four dimensions of the reformulated conception of citizenship I developed in the previous chapter (membership, exclusion, belonging, racialization) should not be viewed as only theoretical elements, but should also be understood as taking on meaning through the institutional contexts within which they function. ...
Chapter 5. Grounded Rights Claims: Contesting Membership and Transforming Citizenship in Latino Urban Communities
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The conception of civil society developed in the previous chapter provides a corrective to the limitations of the major approaches in political theory that neither demonstrate how regulative, exclusionary practices function within these sites, nor address the question of what institutional mechanisms can promote a more inclusive and just democratic system in societies characterized by deep diversity. ...
Chapter 6. Critical Theory and the Politics of Solidarity: Contradictions, Tensions, and Potentiality
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One of the major claims I have made is that an incipient or prefigurative stage of an alternative notion of associative citizenship has been advanced in certain sectors of Latino communities. The rights claims emerging out of experiences rooted in everyday life are types of prefigurative, existential expressions of, and strategies for, negotiating the conditions of marginalization— ...
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The latter part of the book has focused on how certain types of networks of reciprocity and trust formed within the sites of Latino civil society can enable rights claims that are the basis of what I refer to as associative citizenship. This represents an alternative to existing frameworks and notions of citizenship ...
Appendix. Methodology: Case Studies, Life Histories, and Ethnographies
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Page Count: 289
Publication Year: 2014