The New Politics of Indian Gaming
The Rise of Reservation Interest Groups
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of Nevada Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
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There are a variety of perspectives that we could have taken when we conceived of a comparative study of the state politics of Indigenous gaming. We pondered a number of different ideas, such as political culture, tribal governance and administration, economic development, sovereignty, self-determination, law, and the like. But for the most part, our previous work...
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Any endeavor such as this book requires the assistance and coordination of a number of people. We would like to thank those who helped us along the way, starting with the editorial staff and board at the University of Nevada Press, who made this work possible. We also appreciate the comments of the anonymous reviewers, as they helped to greatly improve the manuscript.
Introduction: The Rise of the First Nations in State Politics
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Within the last twenty years, legalized gambling on Indigenous reservations has become a major source of economic development for many of the First Nations and is now calculated to be a multibillion dollar industry.1 Indigenous-owned casinos earned $26 billion in 2007, with an average 5 percent growth rate. This is compared to earnings of $12.85 billion in gaming...
Chapter 1: Tribal Political Expenditures in California and Washington DC
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California has been an intense battleground between Indian nations seeking to exercise their sovereign right to operate gaming establishments and state and federal government forces often intent on hindering their ability to do so. With over one hundred federally recognized Indian nations located within its borders—almost one-third of all such nations in the contiguous...
Chapter 2: Lobbying Strategies and Campaign Contributions: The Impact on Indian Gaming in California
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Shortly after the November 1998 statewide elections, the Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, the first tribe to operate a casino in California, hosted the annual Indio Powwow and Native american Festival, which brings together forty tribes from across the country. While the powwow included the display of traditional songs and dances typical of the eleven previous years of...
Chapter 3: Reservation Gaming: A Catalyst for Self-Governance for the Tribes in Arizona
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Arizona contains the sixth largest Indigenous population of all states, totaling more than 256,000 according to the U.S. Census Bureau (2007). Arizona’s first Indian gaming compacts were formalized in 1992 as a result of the passage of the Indian Gaming Regulatory act (igra). Out of twenty-two federally recognized tribes in Arizona, the National Indian Gaming...
Chapter 4: The Jemez Pueblo in New Mexico: Efforts to Develop a Casino on Nonreservation Land
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Indian gaming operations have existed in the state of New Mexico for over a quarter century, though not always “legally” from either a federal or a state perspective. Much like the story in other states, Indian gaming in New Mexico pre-dates the Indian Gaming Regulatory act (IGRA) of 1988 (Mason 2000). admittedly, these gaming venues were limited primarily to bingo...
Chapter 5: Florida’s Indigenous Gaming Interests: Origins of a Political Movement
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On December 7, 2006, the seminole Tribe of Florida announced they were buying the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino chain of 124 restaurants, four hotels, and two casinos for almost $1 billion (sanders and Berman 2006).1 How and why could they afford to make such a business deal? The purchase was made possible by reinvesting millions of dollars earned through...
Chapter 6: The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians: Indian Gaming and Its Impacts on Statewide Politics
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Lobbyist Jack abramoff used money from a Mississippi tribal client to set up bogus Christian antigambling groups, according to e-mails and testimony made public by the senate Indian affairs Committee at its June 22, 2005, hearing on the activities of abramoff and Michael scanlon, a public relations executive and former spokesman for House Majority Leader Tom...
Chapter 7: Indian Gaming and Intergovernmental Relations: The Constraints of Tribal Interest Group Behavior
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Indian gaming is today’s most important tool of reservation economic development and tribal self-sufficiency. It is also the fulcrum for tribal-state intergovernmental relations throughout the United states. The complexities of tribal gaming are generated in the interactions of law, politics, and public policy.1 Through the federal Indian Gaming Regulatory act of 1988 (IGRA),...
Chapter 8: Why State Law Matters: Indian Gaming and Intergovernmental Relations in Wisconsin
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A basic tenet of federal Indian law is that as sovereign nations, tribes ordinarily are not subject to the strictures of state law. In the 1987 landmark decision in California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians, the U.S. supreme Court applied that principle to hold that states could not regulate Indian gaming. On the heels of the Court’s decision, Congress enacted the Indian...
Chapter 9: The Failure of Indian Casino Advocacy in New York
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In 1993 Indian casino gambling came to New York state with the opening of the Oneida Nation’s Turning stone Casino. The willingness of the U.s. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian affairs to approve a casino not actually situated on tribal land, the enthusiastic support of two state governors, and, perhaps most importantly, the enormous profits it generated...
Afterword: The Death of Indian Gaming and Tribal Sovereignty
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Passage of the Indian Gaming Regulatory act (IGRA) in 1988 and its provision for the negotiation of tribal-state gaming compacts has put the issue of reservation gaming squarely in the hands of state government. This could be a dangerous thing since states have not always been the best protectors of the civil rights of previously disadvantaged groups. The recent purchase...
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Page Count: 240
Publication Year: 2011