The Uncertain Legacy of Crisis
European Foreign Policy Faces the Future
Publication Year: 2014
The European Union is mired in the worst crisis it has seen for many decades. And the crisis does not stop at Europe's edge. It threatens to undercut the EU's ambitions to develop a coherent and active foreign policy, but it is also forcing European states to reevaluate their approach to security and defense.
Richard Youngs examines the legacy of the crisis and what it will mean for the EU's international role. The fallout undermines the EU's foreign policy capacity and tarnishes its normative brand, compelling some member states to focus on realpolitik and their own national-level policies. But there are also signs of enhanced European cooperation, greater international ambition, and deepened commitment to the values of a liberal world order. Youngs details how the EU can craft an effective foreign policy strategy while confronting an internal economic crisis and a reshaped global order.
Published by: Brookings Institution Press
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A decade ago, foreign policy ambition was everywhere in Europe. The European Union (EU) had recovered from the internal rifts caused by the 2003 Iraq war, and great aspirations had grown out of the conviction that such a show of weakness should never happen again. Ten years later, the optimism is gone. For half a decade now, the EU has...
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Beleaguered Europe continues to lurch from one nominally make-orbreak summit to another, its crisis neither surpassed nor broken in definitive denouement. It appears to be trapped within “the recurrent end of the unending,” to use T. S. Eliot’s evocation of nightmarish...
2. More Than an Economic Crisis
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Has the crisis propelled the EU toward fundamental revision and wholesale reinvention, or do such commonly made suggestions constitute a panicky, febrile overreaction to the current economic calumny? To answer this heavily present question, this chapter unpacks three...
3. Boon or Bane for European Global Influence?
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The dissection of the crisis’s different internal dimensions lays the foundations for understanding its broader global consequences. Moving beyond the immediate crisis itself, it is possible to begin assessing how serious a dent this has left in the EU’s global presence and influence...
4. Geoeconomic Europe
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The economic crisis has rendered more prominent the geoeconomic dimension of international power and presence. Effective geoeconomic strategies are crucial to European recovery. This chimes with the widely made observation that geoeconomics—defined as states’ strategic deployment...
5. Asia's Peninsula?
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At the end of 2010, a Reflection Group of notables evocatively warned that the EU risked being reduced to the “increasingly irrelevant Western peninsula of the Asian continent.”1 Of a piece with the drift this conjured up, the economic crisis has indeed strengthened Asia’s influence...
6. Goodbye, Liberal World Order?
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The long-term impact of the eurozone crisis makes it harder for the EU to retain a focus on normative political values within its foreign policies. Many would say it is largely futile and misplaced for the EU even to try to do so. European capabilities are diminished and, some argue...
7. Conclusion: Redesigning Global Europe
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Europe’s crisis has not been and does not need to be apocalyptically negative for European foreign policies. It would be exaggerated to paint the EU as a stricken Paradise Lost, set for dusty, anachronistic oblivion. Positive, global ambition is still appropriate. Robert Kagan...
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About the Author, Carnegie Europe
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Page Count: 300
Publication Year: 2014