Amnesties, Accountability, and Human Rights
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press
Title Page, Series Page, Copyright Page
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On 15 August 2005, representatives of the Free Aceh Movement (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, GAM) and the government of Indonesia signed the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). Brokered by the former president of Finland, Martti Ahtisaari, the comprehensive peace settlement signaled...
Chapter 1. The Politics of Amnesties
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Amnesties are instruments of politics. As Louis Joinet, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, wrote in his landmark report on the role that amnesties play in protecting human rights, amnesties constitute “the judicial expression of a...
Chapter 2. Transitions to Democracy
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Although the first amnesty associated with the “third wave” of transitions to democracy was implemented in Greece in 1974, the first significant rise in the popularity of amnesties was focused on the states of Latin America. The 1970s and 1980s was a time of tremendous social and political upheaval in...
Chapter 3. The Pursuit of Truth
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As with debates about demo cratic transitions and the obligation to prosecute the perpetrators of human rights violations, those concerned with the right to truth and its relationship to amnesties were also precipitated by events taking place in the 1970s and 1980s in Latin America. Th is new emphasis on...
Chapter 4. Ending Violence
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Amnesties have long been conceived as an instrument of peace. Employed as a bargaining tool to bring about the end of a protracted period of conflict, in this context amnesties are underpinned by the idea that warring parties and rebel groups may be more willing to negotiate a peaceful settlement of...
Chapter 5. The End of Impunity?
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Since the 1980s the legitimate bounds within which amnesties may be granted have been significantly compressed. Where once a permissive understanding of amnesties reigned now stands a highly restricted, conditional understanding of the acceptable limits of the practice. Even where peace is at stake, the...
Chapter 6. The Persistence of Amnesties
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In contemporary political practice, the status of existing amnesty laws is bifurcated along distinct historical and contextual lines. On one hand, amnesties no longer afford the perpetrators of serious human rights violations the iron- clad protection they once did. With a range of political actors going to increasing...
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On 17 December 2010, in the Tunisian town of Sidi Bouzid, a twenty- six-year- old street vendor by the name of Mohammed Bouazizi set himself on fire in the middle of a busy street. His act of self-immolation was a protest against what he viewed as the unjust treatment he had received at...
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Page Count: 328
Illustrations: 7 illus.
Publication Year: 2014
Series Title: Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights