Bioethics in a Liberal Society
The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making
Publication Year: 2002
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Title Page, Copyright
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Throughout this book, I examine the rights and obligations that result from a liberal society’s attempt to “balance” the autonomy of different individuals interacting in a common social setting. Along the way, I explore how a liberal perspective on autonomy and patient rights should shape our understanding of competency, ...
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Many people contributed to the completion of this project. I would like to thank in particular Mark Aulisio, Jana Craig, and John Tomkowiak for comments and discussions that greatly improved the arguments in this book, and Laura Dillon and LaVar Matthews for their help in preparing the manuscript. ...
1. Introduction: The Liberal Framework
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Developments in medical technology offer tremendous advantages in many very important areas of life. But in making available treatment options that did not previously exist, these developments can infringe on other very important areas of life in ways once unfathomable. ...
I. Patient Autonomy
2. Patient Autonomy and Informed Consent
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Any discussion of bioethics in the context of a liberal constitutional political framework must begin with an examination of patient autonomy and informed consent. Health care touches on value questions that are taken to be among the most important and profound in a person’s life. ...
3. Patient Responsibility for Decision Making
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Many of the most important advancements in providing humane and responsible health care in recent decades can be traced to an increased emphasis that has been placed on patient autonomy. As might be expected, the greater focus on informed consent has been accompanied by a set of problematic cases. ...
4. Advance Directives: Extending Autonomy for Patients
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Although a competent patient has the right to refuse treatment necessary to sustain life, for many end-of-life decisions we lack direct access to the wishes of a competent patient. Some treatment decisions near the end of life involve patients with severely diminished mental capacity (e.g., those with Alzheimer disease), ...
II. Professional Rights of Conscience
5. Beneficence, Abandonment, and the Duty to Treat
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The practice of health care, with its long history of paternalism (in which the physician acted as sole arbiter in health care decisions), has only recently begun to recognize the important role of patient autonomy. Health care providers bring to the provider-patient relationship substantive moral beliefs of their own. ...
6. Rights of Conscience in the Physician-Patient Relationship
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Professional life in a liberal constitutional society involves a balancing of values between professional and client. This is commonly accomplished through negotiation, but in some areas of life the values in question are so fundamental and important that negotiated compromise is difficult, if not impossible. ...
7. Conclusion: Health Care Ethics Committees and Consultants in a Liberal Framework
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Throughout, I have focused on the implications of a liberal political and social context for bioethics decision making. Protecting an individual’s right to frame the values that guide her life is, as we have seen, a fundamental concern of our liberal society. Now I will examine how the concern to respect patient autonomy ...
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Page Count: 152
Publication Year: 2002