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Digital Critical Editions

Daniel Apollon

Publication Year: 2014

Provocative yet sober, Digital Critical Editions examines how transitioning from print to a digital milieu deeply affects how scholars deal with the work of editing critical texts. On one hand, forces like changing technology and evolving reader expectations lead to the development of specific editorial products, while on the other hand, they threaten traditional forms of knowledge and methods of textual scholarship.Using the experiences of philologists, text critics, text encoders, scientific editors, and media analysts, Digital Critical Editions ranges from philology in ancient Alexandria to the vision of user-supported online critical editing, from peer-directed texts distributed to a few to community-edited products shaped by the many. The authors discuss the production and accessibility of documents, the emergence of tools used in scholarly work, new editing regimes, and how the readers' expectations evolve as they navigate digital texts. The goal: exploring questions such as, What kind of text is produced? Why is it produced in this particular way?Digital Critical Editions provides digital editors, researchers, readers, and technological actors with insights for addressing disruptions that arise from the clash of traditional and digital cultures, while also offering a practical roadmap for processing traditional texts and collections with today's state-of-the-art editing and research techniques thus addressing readers' new emerging reading habits.

Published by: University of Illinois Press

Title Page, Series Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv


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pp. v-vi

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pp. vii-viii

This book originated in a French-Norwegian project co-financed by the Aurora program in 2005. Several workshops and brainstorming sessions brought together a team of Norwegian specialists in textual criticism and tekstteknologer (experts in digital text technologies) from the Universities of Bergen and Stavanger, the Text Technology Research Group at Aksis, Unifob in Bergen (now Uni Computing, a division of Uni Research AS) and a Lyon-based team pooling together, ...

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pp. ix-x

We thank the Norwegian Research Council, the Norwegian Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the French Ministry of Foreign Affaires and Égide for the initial Aurora grant that helped us transform ideas into a real book.
Thanks to Unifob AS in Bergen and École Normale Supérieure (ENS de Lyon) and the CNRS LIRE team on Avenue Berthelot in Lyon for hosting several workshops, brainstorming sessions, and editorial meetings. A special thanks...

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Introduction: As Texts Become Digital

Daniel Apollon, Claire Bélisle, and Philippe Régnier

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pp. 1-32

As the world becomes digital and new generations consider computers, mobile appliances, and the Internet as extensions of their body that are essential for living and being today,1 the future of the traditional forms of culture, knowledge, and scholarship appears to be at risk. The very status of texts, heirs to a long tradition of manuscript and printed books, is evolving with multimedia writing, constantly developing technologies, and new reader expectations. Dynamic...

PART I. History, Challenges, and Emerging Contexts

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1. The Digital Turn in Textual Scholarship: Historical and Typological Perspectives

Odd Einar Haugen and Daniel Apollon

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pp. 35-57

This chapter is written under the assumption that the history of textual scholarship from its very beginnings to the digital age can be understood from three perspectives. These perspectives are not the perspectives of the historian who tries to grasp the development of textual scholarship, but rather the perspectives held by the practitioners of the art and science of editing texts, for scholars who edit, comment, and analyze texts written by other people. This chapter assumes...

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2. Ongoing Challenges for Digital Critical Editions

Philippe Régnier

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pp. 58-80

As observed in this beginning of the twenty-first century, the reality of “digital critical edition” is still too embryonic and too unstable, even though it is developing, to be considered only in its present state and to be adopted without wondering about its future. It is indeed a strange situation where one has the impression of leaving the familiar and well-established world of printed books for the adventure and the risks of a medium commonly described as immaterial,...

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3. The Digital Fate of the Critical Apparatus

Daniel Apollon and Claire Belisle

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pp. 81-113

The adoption of digital technologies has upset our relationship to texts and confronts us with the long history of critical edition underlying this relationship. The advent of the printing press had already put an end to the erratic fluctuation of texts that were subject to the hazards of physical or mechanical hand-copying. Many medieval manuscripts are assorted with maledictions issued by the author or the scribe against future counterfeiters, threatening them...

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4. What Digital Remediation Does to Critical Editions and Reading Practices

Terje Hillesund and Claire Bélisle

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pp. 114-154

In migrating their editorial work on literary resources from print to digital technology, researchers have heeded new challenges and ambitions for scholarly editions. This chapter addresses these objectives by looking at designs, aims, and uses of existing scholarly editions as they migrate from one media to another. The first part deals with issues and questions raised by the digital trend in scholarly text studies and with the shift in how historical texts are recorded,...

PART II: Text Technologies

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5. Markup Technology and Textual Scholarship

Claus Huitfeldt

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pp. 157-178

This chapter gives a brief overview of the background and development of markup systems—that is, formal languages for the representation of electronic documents.1 The chapter focuses on aspects of markup technology that are particularly relevant to textual scholarship. It gives an introduction to some of the key concepts of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) and the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) and considers some of their limitations, possibilities, and future potential....

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6. Digital Critical Editing: Separating Encoding from Presentation

Alois Pichler and Tone Merete Bruvik

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pp. 179-200

What happens to “critical editing” in the digital context?1 What tells us that digital tools and media facilitate critical editing? Do digital media make critical editions more accessible and therefore more democratic? Does the quality of critical editions increase when they are produced with digital tools? These are some of the questions asked by the editors in the introduction to this volume, to which this chapter responds. It does so by invoking and describing a principle...

PART III. New Practices, New Contents, New Policies

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7. The Making of an Edition: Three Crucial Dimensions

Odd Einar Haugen

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pp. 203-245

This chapter gives a brief overview of the historical development of textual editing. While the practice of editing has a long history, it is commonly accepted that the foundation of editing as a scholarly or even scientific activity was created in the first half of the nineteenth century. From this time, strict and to a certain extent formal methods were being introduced in textual editing—notably, the use of shared errors. Yet, generally, textual editing remained a qualitative enterprise....

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8. From Books to Collections: Critical Editions of Heterogeneous Documents

Sarah Mombert

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pp. 246-265

The French writer François Bon recently described online the attitude of literary circles (writers, critics, publishers) when confronted with the changes brought about in editing and publishing with digital technology: “We are lost, we are afraid. The editing world is like a brick building that is being shaken and that trembles. [ . . . ] Internet is to blame: partly, if the possibility of choice and of finding points of reference bypasses mediation as it still existed ten years ago” (Bon 2006).1 Indeed, in the last few years numerous European intellectuals have...

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9. Toward a New Political Economy of Critical Editions

Philippe Régnier

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pp. 266-296

Producing critical editions is a reputedly old and not particularly profitable scholarly activity that essentially amounts to establishing, annotating, and presenting a text. What benefit can be obtained, then, by scrutinizing it from the perspective of political economy—especially at a time when critical editions are at last entering the digital realm, whose immateriality seems to open up wide possibilities and advantages, free of charge, to all users?...

Bibliography, Online Sources, Software Tools

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pp. 297-330


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pp. 331-334


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pp. 335-357

Series Page, Publsher Notes

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p. 358-358

E-ISBN-13: 9780252096280
E-ISBN-10: 0252096282
Print-ISBN-13: 9780252038402

Page Count: 400
Publication Year: 2014