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In the late eighteenth century, Poland was one of three countries, along with the United States and France, to adopt a constitution. Although short-lived, the Polish Constitution of 3 May 1791 was acknowledged as a milestone by republican thinkers in Europe and America. This volume is the first attempt in English to provide a comprehensive view of Poland in the Age of Enlightenment—a time of political and social reform and cultural revival. Spanning a number of disciplines and perspectives, the twenty-two chapters in this book were commissioned from scholars from Poland, the United States, England, and Germany. In addition to its focus on the Constitution of 3 May 1791 and the Polish movement for political reform, the book documents the history of Polish parliamentarism and the connection between the American, Polish, and French ideas of democratic state at the end of the eighteenth century. Handsomely produced, the volume is enriched by hundreds of contemporary engravings, maps, and other illustrations.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. The title page of one of the first editions of the Constitution of 3 May 1791
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  1. Half Title Page
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. Acknowledgments
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  1. Introduction
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  1. 1. The Third of May 1791
  2. Norman Davies
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  1. 2. The Origin and Development of the Polish Parliamentary System through the End of the Seventeenth Century
  2. Anna Sucheni-Grabowska
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  1. 3. Some Comments on Old “Privileges” and the “Liberum Veto”
  2. Wenceslas J. Wagner
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  1. 4. Reforms in Poland after the “Dumb Diet” (1717)
  2. Józef Andrzej Gierowski
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  1. 5. Poland between Prussia and Russia in the Eighteenth Century
  2. Zofia Zielihska
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  1. 6. Educational Reform in Poland during the Enlightenment
  2. Kamilla Mrozowska
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  1. 7. The Idea of Nation in the Main Currents of Political Thought of the Polish Enlightenment
  2. Andrzej Walicki
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  1. 8. Political and Social Literature during the Four-Year Diet
  2. Anna Grześkowiak-Krwawicz
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  1. 9. The Art of the Possible
  2. Adam Zamoyski
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  1. 10. The Impact of the American Constitution on Polish Political Opinion in the Late Eighteenth Century
  2. Zofia Libiszowska
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  1. 11. The Meaning of the Constitution of 3 May
  2. Jerzy Michalski
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  1. 12. The Fundamental Principles Concerning the Political System of the 3 May, 1791 12. Government Statute
  2. Zbigniew Szcząska
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  1. 13. Main Principles of the First American, Polish and French Constitutions Compared
  2. Rett R. Ludwikowski
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  1. 14. Reforms Relating to the Third Estate
  2. Krystyna Zienkowska
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  1. 15. The Constitution of 3 May and the Mutual Guarantee of the Two Nations
  2. Juliusz Bardach
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  1. 16. Local Government Reform during the Four-Year Diet
  2. Łukasz Kądziela
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  1. 17. The Reform of Criminal Law during the Four-Year Diet
  2. Adam Lityński
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  1. 18. Citizen, Nation, Constitution: The Realization and Failure of the Constitution of 3 May, 1791 in Light of Mutual Polish-French Influence
  2. Jörg K. Hoensch
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  1. 19. European and American Opinions of the Constitution of 3 May
  2. Samuel Fiszman
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  1. 20. The Kościuszko Insurrection: Continuation and Radicalization of Change
  2. Jerzy Kowecki
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  1. 21. The Influence of the Constitution of 3 May on Constitutional Life of the Second Republic (1918-1939: Reality and Myth
  2. Andrzej Ajnenkiel
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  1. 22. Two Revolutions: 1788-1792, 1980-1990
  2. Piotr S. Wandycz
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  1. Index
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780253061584
MARC Record
OCLC
1288457664
Launched on MUSE
2022-02-22
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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