In this Book


In 1923, America paid close attention, via special radio broadcasts, newspaper headlines, and cover stories in popular magazines, as a government party descended the Colorado to survey Grand Canyon. Fifty years after John Wesley Powell's journey, the canyon still had an aura of mystery and extreme danger. At one point, the party was thought lost in a flood.

Something important besides adventure was going on. Led by Claude Birdseye and including colorful characters such as early river-runner Emery Kolb, popular writer Lewis Freeman, and hydraulic engineer Eugene La Rue, the expedition not only made the first accurate survey of the river gorge but sought to decide the canyon's fate. The primary goal was to determine the best places to dam the Grand. With Boulder Dam not yet built, the USGS, especially La Rue, contested with the Bureau of Reclamation over how best to develop the Colorado River. The survey party played a major role in what was known and thought about Grand Canyon.

The authors weave a narrative from the party's firsthand accounts and frame it with a thorough history of water politics and development and the Colorado River. The recommended dams were not built, but the survey both provided base data that stood the test of time and helped define Grand Canyon in the popular imagination.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Illustrations
  2. pp. viii-ix
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. x-xiv
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-10
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  1. 1. Water and the Colorado Desert
  2. pp. 11-31
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  1. 2. Where Should the Dams Be? : Politics, the Colorado River Compact, and the Geological Survey’s Role
  2. pp. 32-47
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  1. 3. Prelude to an Expedition: Washington and Flagstaff
  2. pp. 48-89
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  1. 4. A Cumbersome Journey: Flagstaff to Lee’s Ferry to the Little Colorado River
  2. pp. 90-120
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  1. 5. Surveys and Portages: Furnace Flats through the Inner Gorge
  2. pp. 121-163
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  1. 6. Of Flips and Floods: Bass Canyon to Diamond Creek
  2. pp. 164-208
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  1. 7. Feeling Their Oats: Diamond Creek to Needles
  2. pp. 209-241
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  1. 8. Aftermath: Politics and the Strident Hydraulic Engineer
  2. pp. 242-278
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  1. About the Authors
  2. p. 279
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 280-289
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Additional Information

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