In this Book

University Press of Kansas
summary
Lucius Polk Brown was a professional chemist who became a bureaucrat in the field of public health during the Progressive era, when middleclass reformers first attempted to order American society through integrated systems. In his native state of Tennessee, between 1908 and 1915 Brown created a public health enforcement agency, began educating the masses to public health needs, waged flamboyant campaigns against those who violated the laws, and attracted widespread support for pure food and drug control. Moving on to become director of the Bureau of Food and Drugs in the New York City Department of Health in 1915, he continued his battle for public health reform amidst the maze of government agencies and political power struggles surrounding Tammany Hall.

In Many respects Brown was typical of Progressive reformers. A middleclass, AngloSaxon Protestant and a professional, he represented a link between the nineteenthcentury agrarian and the twentiethcentury urbanite. More importantly, Brown exemplified a new character on the American scene: a scientist out of the agriculturalexperimentstation mold entering public life, ready to challenge politicians on their own ground.

This book contains fresh insights on the history of the public health movement in America, one area of reform that has not received the attention it deserves. Except for incidental references, the major figures of food and drug regulation at the local level have been largely ignored by historians. Lucius Polk Brown’s quest for pure food and drugs is representative of what municipal and state officials, as scientific people, encountered when they fought for the passage of new laws, struggled to enforce existing ones, and battled with the politicians, quacks, ignorance that threatened their efforts.

Brown’s diversified career provides a unique opportunity for studying a scientific reformer caught up in the political turmoil of the Progressive era. His experience in government service spanned twelve years and touched on two dissimilar political systems. In focusing on Brown’s struggles, achievements, and failures, Margaret Ripley Wolfe provides a comparative study of state and municipal health administrations, of bureaucratic development in a rural southern state and a northern metropolis. For that reason this book should be of interest to political scientists and public health officials as well as to social historians and students of the Progressive era.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Half-Title Page, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-7
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 2. With Brown in Tennessee: The Rigth Man, the Right Place, the Right Time
  2. pp. 8-23
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 3. The Scientist as a Southern Bureaucrat, 1098-11
  2. pp. 24-47
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 4. The Scientist and State Politics, 1911-12
  2. pp. 48-63
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 5. From Southern State to Northern City: The Scientist in Professional Transition
  2. pp. 64-81
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 6. The Scientist as a Northern Bureaucrat, 1915-17
  2. pp. 82-103
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 7. The Scientist and Urban Politics, 1918: Tammany Hall versus the Experts
  2. pp. 104-130
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 8. The Exit of a Scientist: From Public Service to Private Citizenship, 1918-35
  2. pp. 131-146
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 9. Lucius Polk Brown and Progressive Food and Drug Control: Historical Perspectives
  2. pp. 147-154
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Bibliographical Notes
  2. pp. 155-158
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Notes
  2. pp. 159-178
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Index
  2. pp. 179-194
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Back Cover
  2. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents

Additional Information

ISBN
9780700631315
Related ISBN
9780700601639
MARC Record
OCLC
1256540526
Pages
206
Launched on MUSE
2021-06-16
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.