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The renowned historian Ivan T. Berend discusses populist demagoguery through the presentation of eighteen politicians from twelve European countries from World War I to the present. In this book, Berend defines demagoguery, reflects on its connections with populism, and examines the common features and differences in the demagogues’ programs and language. Mussolini and Hitler, the “model demagogues,” are only briefly discussed, as is the election of Donald Trump in the United States and its impact on Europe. The eighteen detailed portraits include two communists, two fascists, and several rightwing and anti-EU politicians. The series runs from Béla Kun, the leader of the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919, through Codreanu and Gömbös in the 1930s, Stahremberg and Haider in Austria, Ceaușescu, Milošević, Tuđjman, Izetbegović, Berlusconi, Wilders, the two Le Pens, Farage and Boris Johnson, up to Orbán and the two Kaczyńskis. Each case includes an analysis of the time and place and is illustrated with quotations from the demagogues’ speeches. This book is a warning about the continuing threat of populist demagogues both for their subjects and for history itself. Berend insists on the crucial importance for Europe to understand the reality behind their promises and persuasive language in order to impede their success.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Preface and Acknowledgement
  2. Ivan T. Berend
  3. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Introduction: Who are the populist demagogues, and how can they attain political power?
  2. pp. 1-38
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  1. Part I. Interwar populist—communist and fascist—demagogues
  1. Chapter 1. A Hungarian communist demagogue: Béla Kun
  2. pp. 41-56
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  1. Chapter 2. A Hungarian fascist demagogue: Gyula Gömbös
  2. pp. 57-76
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  1. Chapter 3. A Romanian fascist demagogue: Corneliu Zelea Codreanu
  2. pp. 77-92
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  1. Chapter 4. A fascistoid Austrian demagogue: Ernst Rüdiger Starhemberg
  2. pp. 93-106
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  1. Part II. Turn of the millennium populist demagogues
  1. Chapter 5. An Austrian far-right demagogue: Jörg Haider
  2. pp. 109-122
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  1. Chapter 6. A Romanian communist demagogue: Nicolae Ceauşescu
  2. pp. 123-134
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  1. Chapter 7. Two French demagogues: Le Diable and La Fille du Diable, Jean-Marie and Marine Le Pen
  2. pp. 135-164
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  1. Chapter 8. An entertaining but harmful buffoon-type demagogue: the Italian Silvio Berlusconi
  2. pp. 165-186
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  1. Chapter 9. Three nationalist demagogues in Yugoslavia and a devastating civil war
  2. pp. 187-224
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  1. Chapter 10. Two British Brexit fighters: Boris Johnson and Nigel Farage
  2. pp. 225-254
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  1. Chapter 11. A "freedom fighter" against the European Union: the Dutch Geert Wilders
  2. pp. 255-274
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  1. Chapter 12. Three demagogues exploit the difficult transformation: Viktor Orbán in Hungary and the Kaczyński brothers in Poland
  2. pp. 275-308
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  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 309-330
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 331-336
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 337-340
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Additional Information

ISBN
9789633863343
Related ISBN
9789633863336
MARC Record
OCLC
1195043776
Pages
347
Launched on MUSE
2020-09-13
Language
English
Open Access
No
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