Ecclesiastical institutions and actors played key roles in the formation of normative orders in early modern Ibero-America. However, both legal historiography, due to its strong legalistic, state-centered imprint, and general historiography on colonial times, more inclined towards secular law, have only rarely discussed the contribution of ecclesiastical normativity to the formation of that normative texture which has been called ‘derecho indiano’. In light of that situation, the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History organized a series of seminars in different Latin American cities in order to offer an interdisciplinary forum dedicated to the research of ecclesiastical normativities and institutions in Ibero-America between the 16th and 19th centuries. The present volume (in Spanish) is the second in a series of publications that document the – peer reviewed – results of this cycle of seminars held in Mexico City, Lima, Bogotá, and São Paulo. From its foundation in 1543 and until the 18th century, the Viceroyalty of Peru covered nearly the entirety of Spanish South America: from Panama to Chile, with the exception of Venezuela. This book does not aim to offer an exhaustive investigation, but its eight case studies do analyze significant ecclesiastical institutions and their normativities in locations of the viceroyalties of Peru and of Río de la Plata between the 16th and the early 19th centuries. The settings, today located in the nation states of Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile, belonged to the archdiocese of Lima and that of La Plata/Charcas.