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As deputy to the U.S. ambassador in Rwanda, Joyce E. Leader witnessed the tumultuous prelude to genocide—a period of political wrangling, human rights abuses, and many levels of ominous, ever-escalating violence. From Hope to Horror offers her insider’s account of the nation’s efforts to move toward democracy and peace and analyzes the challenges of conducting diplomacy in settings prone to—or engaged in—armed conflict.
              
Leader traces the three-way struggle for control among Rwanda’s ethnic and regional factions. Each sought to shape democratization and peacemaking to its own advantage. The United States, hoping to encourage a peaceful transition, midwifed negotiations toward an accord. The result: a revolutionary blueprint for political and military power-sharing among Rwanda’s competing factions that met categorical rejection by the “losers” and a downward spiral into mass atrocities. Drawing on the Rwandan experience, Leader proposes ways diplomacy can more effectively avert the escalation of violence by identifying the unintended consequences of policies and emphasizing conflict prevention over crisis response.

Compelling and expert, From Hope to Horror fills in the forgotten history of the diplomats who tried but failed to prevent a human rights catastrophe.
 

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Foreword
  2. Pauline H. Baker
  3. pp. vii-x
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xvi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xvii-xviii
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. xix-xxvi
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-10
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  1. Part 1: Rwanda’s Struggle for Democracy and Peace, 1991–1994
  1. 1. Political Liberalization Takes Off
  2. pp. 13-33
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  1. 2. War Intrudes
  2. pp. 34-48
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  1. 3. Rights Abuses and Violence Sow Fear
  2. pp. 49-56
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  1. 4. Opposition Parties Join a Coalition Government
  2. pp. 57-61
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  1. 5. Peace Talks Begin and a Cease-Fire Takes Hold
  2. pp. 62-73
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  1. 6. Democratization Flounders
  2. pp. 74-86
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  1. 7. Turning Point: Adversaries Tackle Power Sharing
  2. pp. 87-105
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  1. 8. Violence Stalks Democratization and Prospects for Peace
  2. pp. 106-114
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  1. 9. The January from Hell: Diplomacy at a Crossroads
  2. pp. 115-124
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  1. 10. Diplomats Undertake a Fact-Finding Mission
  2. pp. 125-134
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  1. 11. War Resumes
  2. pp. 135-145
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  1. 12. A Second Chance for Peace
  2. pp. 146-160
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  1. 13. Arusha Observer: The Setting
  2. pp. 161-173
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  1. 14. Arusha Observer: The Negotiations
  2. pp. 174-197
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  1. 15. The Dénouement: Arusha Peace Accords Signed
  2. pp. 198-205
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  1. 16. Preparing to Implement the Arusha Accords
  2. pp. 206-227
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  1. 17. Violence Plagues Implementation
  2. pp. 228-236
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  1. 18. Implementation Stalls
  2. pp. 237-255
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  1. 19. The Exodus
  2. pp. 256-273
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  1. 20. Return to Rwanda
  2. pp. 274-284
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  1. Part 2: Why Diplomacy Failed
  1. 21. Diplomatic Challenges
  2. pp. 287-311
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  1. 22. Making Conflict Prevention a Foreign Policy and Diplomatic Priority
  2. pp. 312-322
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  1. 23. Fixes for the Future from Failures of the Past
  2. pp. 323-332
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  1. Conclusion: Changing the Paradigm
  2. pp. 333-342
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  1. Chronology of Events, 1959–1994
  2. pp. 343-350
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 351-360
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 361-372
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 373-385
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781640123250
Related ISBN
9781640122451
MARC Record
OCLC
1137740713
Pages
440
Launched on MUSE
2020-02-19
Language
English
Open Access
No
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