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Soon after overthrowing the Tokugawa government in 1868, the new Meiji leaders devised ambitious plans to build a modern nation-state. Among the earliest and most radical of the Meiji reforms was a plan for a centralized, compulsory educational system modeled after those in Europe and America. Meiji leaders hoped that schools would curb mounting social disorder and mobilize the Japanese people against the threat of Western imperialism. The sweeping tone of this revolutionary plan obscured the fact that the Japanese were already quite literate and had clear ideas about what a school should be. In the century preceding the Meiji restoration, commoners throughout Japan had established 50,000 schools with almost no guidance or support from the government. Consequently, the Ministry of Education’s new code of 1872 met with resistance, as local officials, teachers, and citizens sought compromises and pursued alternative educational visions. Their efforts ultimately led to the growth and consolidation of a new educational system, one with the imprint of local demands and expectations. This book traces the unfolding of this process in Nagano prefecture and explores how local people negotiated the formation of the new order in their own communities.

Table of Contents

  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. ix-xiv
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-22
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  1. 1 Commoner Schooling in Tokugawa‐Era Shinano
  2. pp. 23-65
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  1. 2 Village Elites and the Changing Meaning of “School” in the Late Tokugawa Period
  2. pp. 66-99
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  1. 3 Post‐Restoration Innovation and the Fundamental Code, 1868–1872
  2. pp. 100-143
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  1. 4 National Policy and Local Mobilization, 1872–1876
  2. pp. 144-184
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  1. 5 Local Resistance to the Fundamental Code
  2. pp. 185-214
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  1. 6 Negotiating “School” in Mid‐Meiji Japan, 1876–1890
  2. pp. 215-254
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  1. Epilogue: The Local in the Nation‐State
  2. pp. 255-264
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 265-304
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  1. Works Cited
  2. pp. 305-318
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 319-337
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781684174010
Related ISBN(s)
9780674013964
MARC Record
OCLC
1001542052
Pages
351
Launched on MUSE
2021-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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