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Originally published in 1996. By applying their abundant natural resources to ironmaking early in the eighteenth century, Americans soon made themselves felt in world markets. After the Revolution, ironmakers supplied the materials necessary to the building of American industry, pushing the fuel efficiency and productivity of their furnaces far ahead of their European rivals. In American Iron, 1607-1900, Robert B. Gordon draws on recent archaeological findings as well as archival research to present an ambitious, comprehensive survey of iron technology in America from the colonial period to the industry's demise at about the turn of the twentieth century. Closely examining the techniques—the "hows"—of ironmaking in its various forms, Gordon offers new interpretations of labor, innovation, and product quality in ironmaking, along with references to the industry's environmental consequences. He establishes the high level of skills required to ensure efficient and safe operation of furnaces and to improve the quality of iron product. By mastering founding, fining, puddling, or bloom smelting, ironworkers gained a degree of control over their lives not easily attained by others.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. New Copyright
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  1. Half Title
  2. p. i
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  1. Series Page
  2. p. ii
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  1. Title Page
  2. p. iii
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  1. Copyright
  2. p. iv
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  1. Dedication
  2. p. v
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  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-xi
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  1. Half Title 1
  2. p. xiii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-6
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  1. 1. Iron
  2. pp. 7-26
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  1. 2. Ore, Fuel, and Other Natural Resources
  2. pp. 27-54
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  1. 3. The Rise of American Iron, 1720–1860
  2. pp. 55-89
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  1. 4. Smelting with Charcoal
  2. pp. 90-124
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  1. 5. Converting Pig Iron to Wrought Iron
  2. pp. 125-154
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  1. 6. Coal-Fired Blast Furnaces
  2. pp. 155-170
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  1. 7. Steel
  2. pp. 171-184
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  1. 8. Shaping Iron and Steel
  2. pp. 185-198
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  1. 9. Iron Quality
  2. pp. 199-219
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  1. 10. Ironmaking Eclipsed, 1860–1900
  2. pp. 220-231
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  1. 11. The Industrial Archaeology of Iron
  2. pp. 232-250
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  1. Appendix A. Metallography
  2. pp. 251-257
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  1. Appendix B. Iron Production Data
  2. pp. 259-261
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 263-305
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 307-311
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  1. Essay on Early Treatises and Primary Sources
  2. pp. 313-330
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 331-341
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  1. Series List
  2. p. 343
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421435022
Related ISBN
9781421435008
MARC Record
OCLC
1131891888
Launched on MUSE
2019-12-20
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Funder
Mellon/NEH / Hopkins Open Publishing: Encore Editions
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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