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In her study of primary materials in England and the United States, Schwoerer traces the origin, development, and articulation in both Parliament and in the popular press of the attitude opposing standing armies in seventeenth-century England and the American colonies. Central to the criticism of armies at that time was the conviction that ultimate military power should be vested in Parliament, not the Crown. Schwoerer shows how the many diverse elements of England's antimilitarism, including political principle, propaganda, parliamentary tactics, parochialism, and partisanship, hardened with every confrontation between the Crown or Protector and Parliament. The author finds a general predisposition to distrust professional soldiers early in the century, and from the 1620s onward she notes opposition to a standing army in times of peace. Highlighting the growth of the antimilitary tradition, Schwoerer traces the development of this attitude from the Petition of Right in 1628 to the 1641–1642 crisis over the Militia Bill/Ordinance, the military settlements of 1660 and 1689, and the climactic events of 1667–1699. Schwoerer shows how the anti-standing-army ideology affected the constitutional thinking of the American colonists and manifested itself in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. She addresses timeless questions of how to provide for a nation's defense while preserving individual liberty, citizen responsibility for military service, and the relationship of executive and legislative authority over the army.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. New Copyright
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  1. Half Title
  2. p. i
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  1. Frontispiece
  2. p. ii
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  1. Title Page
  2. p. iii
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  1. Copyright
  2. p. iv
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  1. Dedication
  2. p. v
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  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Abbreviations
  2. p. viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Half Title 1
  2. p. xi
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-7
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  1. I. Origins of the English Antimilitary Attitude
  2. pp. 8-18
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  1. II. The Petition of Right of 1628: The Antimilitary Sentiment Hardens
  2. pp. 19-32
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  1. III. Theory of Parliamentary Command of the Militia: 1641–1642
  2. pp. 33-50
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  1. IV. The New Model Army Criticized: 1647–1660
  2. pp. 51-71
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  1. V. The Military Settlement at the Restoration: 1660–1667
  2. pp. 72-94
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  1. VI. Principle and Propaganda in the 1670s
  2. pp. 95-136
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  1. VII. Standing Armies: 1685–1689
  2. pp. 137-154
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  1. VIII. The Climax of the Standing Army Issue in Parliament and Press: 1697–1699
  2. pp. 155-187
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  1. IX. Conclusion: Eighteenth-Century Echoes
  2. pp. 188-200
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  1. Bibliographical Note
  2. pp. 201-202
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 203-210
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421432212
Related ISBN
9781421432205
MARC Record
OCLC
1128091298
Launched on MUSE
2019-11-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Funder
Mellon/NEH / Hopkins Open Publishing: Encore Editions
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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