In this Book

  • Victims of the Chilean Miracle: Workers and Neoliberalism in the Pinochet Era, 1973–2002
  • Peter Winn, ed.
  • 2004
  • Book
  • Published by: Duke University Press
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Chile was the first major Latin American nation to carry out a complete neoliberal transformation. Its policies—encouraging foreign investment, privatizing public sector companies and services, lowering trade barriers, reducing the size of the state, and embracing the market as a regulator of both the economy and society—produced an economic boom that some have hailed as a “miracle” to be emulated by other Latin American countries. But how have Chile’s millions of workers, whose hard labor and long hours have made the miracle possible, fared under this program? Through empirically grounded historical case studies, this volume examines the human underside of the Chilean economy over the past three decades, delineating the harsh inequities that persist in spite of growth, low inflation, and some decrease in poverty and unemployment.

Implemented in the 1970s at the point of the bayonet and in the shadow of the torture chamber, the neoliberal policies of Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship reversed many of the gains in wages, benefits, and working conditions that Chile’s workers had won during decades of struggle and triggered a severe economic crisis. Later refined and softened, Pinochet’s neoliberal model began, finally, to promote economic growth in the mid-1980s, and it was maintained by the center-left governments that followed the restoration of democracy in 1990. Yet, despite significant increases in worker productivity, real wages stagnated, the expected restoration of labor rights faltered, and gaps in income distribution continued to widen. To shed light on this history and these ongoing problems, the contributors look at industries long part of the Chilean economy—including textiles and copper—and industries that have expanded more recently—including fishing, forestry, and agriculture. They not only show how neoliberalism has affected Chile’s labor force in general but also how it has damaged the environment and imposed special burdens on women. Painting a sobering picture of the two Chiles—one increasingly rich, the other still mired in poverty—these essays suggest that the Chilean miracle may not be as miraculous as it seems.

Contributors.
Paul Drake
Volker Frank
Thomas Klubock
Rachel Schurman
Joel Stillerman
Heidi Tinsman
Peter Winn

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. ix-xiv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xv-xviii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-13
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  1. The Pinochet Era
  2. pp. 14-70
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  1. Politics without Policy: The Failure of Social Concertation in Democratic Chile, 1990-2000
  2. pp. 71-124
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  1. "No Miracle for Us": The Textile Industry in the Pinochet Era, 1973-1998
  2. pp. 125-163
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  1. Disciplined Workers and Avid Consumers: Neoliberal Policy and the Transformation of Work and Identity among Chilean Metalworkers
  2. pp. 164-208
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  1. Class, Community, and Neoliberalism in Chile: Copper Workers and the Labor Movement During the Military Dictatorship and the Restoration of Democracy
  2. pp. 209-260
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  1. More Than Victims: Women Agricultural Workers and Social Change in Rural Chile
  2. pp. 261-297
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  1. Shuckers, Sorters, Headers, and Gutters: Labor in the Fisheries Sector
  2. pp. 298-336
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  1. Labor, Land, and Environmental Change in the Forestry Sector in Chile, 1973-1998
  2. pp. 337-388
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 389-408
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 409-410
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 411-424
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780822385851
Related ISBN(s)
9780822333098, 9780822333210
MARC Record
OCLC
1144917021
Pages
448
Launched on MUSE
2020-03-17
Language
English
Open Access
No

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