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Over the course of less than a century, the U.S. transformed from a nation that excluded Asians from immigration and citizenship to one that receives more immigrants from Asia than from anywhere else in the world. Yet questions of how that dramatic shift took place have long gone unanswered. In this first comprehensive history of Asian exclusion repeal, Jane H. Hong unearths the transpacific movement that successfully ended restrictions on Asian immigration.

The mid-twentieth century repeal of Asian exclusion, Hong shows, was part of the price of America's postwar empire in Asia. The demands of U.S. empire-building during an era of decolonization created new opportunities for advocates from both the U.S. and Asia to lobby U.S. Congress for repeal. Drawing from sources in the United States, India, and the Philippines, Opening the Gates to Asia charts a movement more than twenty years in the making. Positioning repeal at the intersection of U.S. civil rights struggles and Asian decolonization, Hong raises thorny questions about the meanings of nation, independence, and citizenship on the global stage.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Title, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Abbreviations in the Text
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-20
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  1. 1 Laying the Groundwork for a Movement: The World War II Campaign to Repeal Chinese Exclusion
  2. pp. 21-47
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  1. 2 Entangling Immigration and Independence: Indians and Indian Americans in the Campaign for Exclusion Repeal
  2. pp. 48-81
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  1. 3 Manila Prepares for Independence: Filipina/o Campaigns for U.S. Citizenship on the Eve of Philippine Decolonization
  2. pp. 82-110
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  1. 4 Testing the Limits of Postwar Reform: Japanese Americans, Afro-Caribbeans, and the McCarran-Walter Act of 1952
  2. pp. 111-143
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  1. 5 Making Repeal Meaningful: Asian Immigration Campaigns during the Civil Rights Era
  2. pp. 144-172
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 173-180
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 181-184
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  1. Appendix A. Select U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Laws Pertaining to the Repeal of Asian Exclusion, 1943–1965
  2. pp. 185-186
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  1. Appendix B. Population and Immigration Tables, 1900–2010
  2. pp. 187-190
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 191-242
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  1. Selected Bibliography
  2. pp. 243-258
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 259-264
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