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President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was paralyzed from the waist down, but he concealed the extent of his disability from a public that was never permitted to see him in a wheelchair. FDR's Secretary of State was old and frail, debilitated by a highly contagious and usually fatal disease that was as closely guarded a state secret as his wife's Jewish ancestry. The undersecretary was a pompous and aloof man who married three times but, when intoxicated, preferred sex with railroad porters, shoeshine boys, and cabdrivers. These three legendary figures—Franklin Roosevelt, Cordell Hull, and Sumner Welles—not only concealed such secrets for more than a decade but did so while directing United States foreign policy during some of the most perilous events in the nation's history. Irwin Gellman brings to light startling new information about the intrigues, deceptions, and behind-the-scenes power struggles that influenced America's role in World War II and left their mark on world events, for good or ill, in the half-century that followed. Gellman had unprecedented access to previously unavailable documents, including Hull's confidential medical records, unpublished manuscripts of Drew Pearson and R. Walton Moore, and Sumner Welles's FBI file. Gellman concludes that while Roosevelt, Hull, and Welles usually agreed on foreign policy matters, the events that molded each man's character remained a mystery to the others. Their failure to cope with their secret affairs—to subordinate their personal concerns to the higher good of the nation—eventually destroyed much of what they hoped would be their legacy. Roosevelt never explained his objectives to his vice president, Harry Truman, or to anyone else. Hull never groomed a successor, and Welles kept his foreign assignations as classified as his sexual orientation. Gellman tells the dramatic story of how three Americans—despite private demons and bitter animosities—could work together to lead their nation to victory against fascism.William T. Walker, Presidential Studies Quarterly

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. New Copyright
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  1. Half Title
  2. p. i
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  1. Other Books by Irwin F. Gellman
  2. p. ii
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  1. Title Page
  2. p. iii
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  1. Copyright
  2. p. iv
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  1. Dedication
  2. p. v
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Dramatis Personae
  2. pp. xiii-xvii
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  1. Half Title 1
  2. p. xix
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  1. 1. The Chief Sets the Tone
  2. pp. 1-19
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  1. 2. Enter Hull
  2. pp. 20-55
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  1. 3. Welles in Cuba
  2. pp. 56-86
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  1. 4. The Balance of the First Term
  2. pp. 87-119
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  1. 5. The Bloodiest Bureaucratic Battle
  2. pp. 120-135
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  1. 6. Reorganizing the Department
  2. pp. 136-165
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  1. 7. The Welles Mission
  2. pp. 166-202
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  1. 8. The Sphinx, Hull, and the Others
  2. pp. 203-222
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  1. 9. An Incredible Set of Circumstances
  2. pp. 223-246
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  1. 10. Provoking War
  2. pp. 247-261
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  1. 11. Hull Loses Control
  2. pp. 262-280
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  1. 12. Working for Victory
  2. pp. 281-301
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  1. 13. Ruining Welles
  2. pp. 302-317
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  1. 14. Resignation
  2. pp. 318-331
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  1. 15. Hull’s Last Year
  2. pp. 332-364
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  1. 16. Roosevelt’s Last Months
  2. pp. 365-377
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  1. 17. Those Who Survived
  2. pp. 378-404
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 405-453
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 455-469
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 471-475
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 477-499
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421430287
Related ISBN
9781421431376
MARC Record
OCLC
1123937046
Launched on MUSE
2019-10-17
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Funder
Mellon/NEH / Hopkins Open Publishing: Encore Editions
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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