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The Confucian doctrine of tianxia (all under heaven) outlines a unitary worldview that cherishes global justice and transcends social, geographic, and political divides. For contemporary scholars, it has held myriad meanings, from the articulation of a cultural imaginary and political strategy to a moralistic commitment and a cosmological vision. The contributors to Chinese Visions of World Order examine the evolution of tianxia's meaning and practice in the Han dynasty and its mutations in modern times. They attend to its varied interpretations, its relation to realpolitik, and its revival in twenty-first-century China. They also investigate tianxia's birth in antiquity and its role in empire building, invoke its cultural universalism as a new global imagination for the contemporary world, analyze its resonance and affinity with cosmopolitanism in East-West cultural relations, discover its persistence in China's socialist internationalism and third world agenda, and critique its deployment as an official state ideology. In so doing, they demonstrate how China draws on its past to further its own alternative vision of the current international system.

Contributors. Daniel A. Bell, Chishen Chang, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Prasenjit Duara, Hsieh Mei-yu, Haiyan Lee, Mark Edward Lewis, Lin Chun, Viren Murthy, Lisa Rofel, Ban Wang, Wang Hui, Yiqun Zhou

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Title, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Introduction
  2. Ban Wang
  3. pp. 1-22
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  1. Part I. Tianxia, Confucianism, and Empire
  1. 1. Tianxia and the Invention of Empire in East Asia
  2. Mark Edward Lewis and Mei-yu Hsieh
  3. pp. 25-48
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  1. 2. From Empire to State: Kang Youwei, Confucian Universalism, and Unity
  2. Wang Hui / Translated by Ban Wang
  3. pp. 49-64
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  1. 3. The Chinese World Order and Planetary Sustainability
  2. Prasenjit Duara
  3. pp. 65-84
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  1. Part II. Tianxia, Cross-Cultural Learning, and Cosmopolitanism
  1. 4. The Moral Vision in Kang Youwei’s Book of the Great Community
  2. Ban Wang
  3. pp. 87-105
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  1. 5. Greek Antiquity, Chinese Modernity, and the Changing World Order
  2. Yiqun Zhou
  3. pp. 106-128
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  1. 6. Realizing Tianxia: Traditional Values and China’s Foreign Policy
  2. Daniel A. Bell
  3. pp. 129-146
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  1. Part III. Tianxia and Socialist Internationalism
  1. 7. Tianxia and Postwar Japanese Sinologists’ Vision of the Chinese Revolution: The Cases of Nishi Junzō and Mizoguchi Yūzō
  2. Viren Murthy
  3. pp. 149-176
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  1. 8. China’s Lost World of Internationalism
  2. Lin Chun
  3. pp. 177-211
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  1. 9. China’s Tianxia Worldings: Socialist and Postsocialist Cosmopolitanisms
  2. Lisa Rofel
  3. pp. 212-234
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  1. Part IV. Tianxia and Its Discontents
  1. 10. The Soft Power of the Constant Soldier: or, Why We Should Stop Worrying and Learn to Love the PLA
  2. Haiyan Lee
  3. pp. 237-266
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  1. 11. Tracking Tianxia: On Intellectual Self-Positioning
  2. Chishen Chang and Kuan-Hsing Chen
  3. pp. 267-292
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 293-318
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 319-322
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 323-330
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