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Far from being an isolated outburst of community insanity or hysteria, the Massachusetts witchcraft trials were an accurate reflection of the scientific ethos of the seventeenth century. Witches were seldom hanged without supporting medical evidence. Professor Fox clarifies this use of scientific knowledge by examining the Scientific Revolution's impact on the witchcraft trials. He suggests that much of the scientific ineptitude and lack of sophistication that characterized the witchcraft cases is still present in our modern system of justice. In the historical context of seventeenth-century witch hunts and in an effort to stimulate those who must design and operate a just jurisprudence today, Fox asks what the proper legal role of medical science—especially psychiatry—should be in any society. The legal system of seventeenth-century Massachusetts was weakened by an uncritical reliance on scientific judgments, and the scientific assumptions upon which the colonial conception of witchcraft was based reinforced these doubtful judgments. Fox explores these assumptions, discusses the actual participation of scientists in the investigations, and indicates the importance of scientific attitudes in the trials. Disease theory, psychopathology, and autopsy procedures, he finds, all had their place in the identification of witches. The book presents a unique multidisciplinary investigation into the place of science in the life of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the seventeenth century. There, as in twentieth-century America, citizens were confronted with the necessity of accommodating both the rules of law and the facts of science to their system of justice.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. New Copyright
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  1. Half Title
  2. p. i
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  1. Frontispiece
  2. pp. ii-iii
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  1. Title Page
  2. p. v
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  1. Copyright
  2. p. vi
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  1. Dedication
  2. p. vii
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. ix-xiii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xv-xvii
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  1. Contents
  2. p. xix
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  1. Half Title 1
  2. p. xxi
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  1. Chapter I: A Case Study in Law and Science
  2. pp. 1-8
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  1. Chapter II: The Roots of Massachusetts Witchcraft
  2. pp. 9-23
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  1. Chapter III: The Views of Scientists
  2. pp. 25-34
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  1. Chapter IV: The Law and Nature of Massachusetts Witchcraft
  2. pp. 35-43
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  1. Chapter V: Maleficium and Cause of Death
  2. pp. 45-62
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  1. Chapter VI: Witchcraft and Disease
  2. pp. 63-73
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  1. Chapter VII: Science and the Identification of Witches: Female Experts
  2. pp. 75-90
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  1. Chapter VIII: The Defense of Insanity
  2. pp. 91-107
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  1. Chapter IX: The Law-Science Relationship Then and Now
  2. pp. 109-116
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 117-121
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421430034
Related ISBN
9781421430850
MARC Record
OCLC
1117489225
Launched on MUSE
2019-09-12
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Funder
Mellon/NEH / Hopkins Open Publishing: Encore Editions
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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