In this Book

Following independence from Ethiopia, Eritrea’s leaders were praised for their success at building a coherent nation, but over the last two decades the government has increasingly turned to coercion particularly by forcing citizens into endless military service. The Struggling State: Teachers, Mass Militarization and the Reeducation of Eritrea is an ethnographic exploration of how citizens’ redefined their relationship with the nation in response to the state’s increased authoritarianism and use of force. Extremes of coercion and control led Eritreans’ to imagine the once-heroic ruling party as turning against them, which, in turn unraveled the legitimacy of state-produced imaginaries of the nation. The book focuses on teachers, who were situated to do the work of hyphenating, or gluing, nation to state but instead had to navigate between their devotion to educating the nation and their discontent with their role in the government program of mass militarization.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Introduction: Everyday Authoritarianism, Teachers, and the Decoupling of Nation and State
  2. pp. 1-32
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  1. 1. Struggling for the Nation: Contradictions of Revolutionary Nationalism
  2. pp. 33-56
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  1. 2. “It Seemed like a Punishment”: Coercive State Effects and the Maddening State
  2. pp. 57-88
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  1. 3. Students or Soldiers?: Troubled State Technologies and the Imagined Future of Educated Eritrea
  2. pp. 89-121
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  1. 4. Educating Eritrea: Disorder, Disruption, and Remaking the Nation
  2. pp. 122-154
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  1. 5. The Teacher State: Morality and Everyday Sovereignty over Schools
  2. pp. 155-192
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  1. Conclusion: Escape, Encampment, and the Alchemy of Nationalism
  2. pp. 193-210
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 211-220
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  1. References
  2. pp. 221-230
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 231-243
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  1. About the Author
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