In this Book

summary
Between 1750 and 1870 the world faced transformations marked by the rise of industrial capitalism, the fall of European empires in the Americas, and the rise of nations there. 'New Countries' explores how these events transformed the Americas in diverging ways. Up to 1790, Saint Domingue’s sugar and slave economy drove Atlantic trades; then revolutionary slaves made Haiti, freeing themselves and ending export production. New Spain’s silver fueled global trades until Bajío insurgents collapsed silver capitalism and undermined Spanish rule after 1810. The fall of silver left regions from Mexico through Guatemala and the Andes in search of new polities and economies. After 1870 the United States became an agro-industrial hegemon, most American nations turned to commodity exports, and Haitians and diverse indigenous peoples struggled to keep independent lives beyond the reach of industrial powers seeking supplies and markets.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Introduction: Revolutions, Nations, and a New Industrial World
  2. John Tutino
  3. pp. 1-22
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  1. Part I. Hemispheric Challenges
  1. 1. The Americas in the Rise of Industrial Capitalism
  2. John Tutino
  3. pp. 25-70
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  1. 2. The Cádiz Liberal Revolution and Spanish American Independence
  2. Roberto Breña
  3. pp. 71-104
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  1. Part II. Atlantic Transformations
  1. 3. Union, Capitalism, and Slavery in the “Rising Empire” of the United States
  2. Adam Rothman
  3. pp. 107-137
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  1. 4. From Slave Colony to Black Nation: Haiti’s Revolutionary Inversion
  2. Carolyn Fick
  3. pp. 138-174
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  1. 5. Cuban Counterpoint: Colonialism and Continuity in the Atlantic World
  2. David Sartorius
  3. pp. 175-200
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  1. 6. Atlantic Transformations and Brazil’s Imperial Independence
  2. Kirsten Schultz
  3. pp. 201-230
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  1. Part III. Spanish American Inversions
  1. 7. Becoming Mexico: The Conflictive Search for a North American Nation
  2. Alfredo Ávila, John Tutino
  3. pp. 233-277
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  1. 8. The Republic of Guatemala: Stitching Together a New Country
  2. Jordana Dym
  3. pp. 278-315
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  1. 9. From One Patria, Two Nations in the Andean Heartland
  2. Sarah C. Chambers
  3. pp. 316-349
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  1. 10. Indigenous Independence in Spanish South America
  2. Erick D. Langer
  3. pp. 350-375
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  1. Epilogue. Consolidating Divergence: The Americas and the World after 1850
  2. Erick D. Langer, John Tutino
  3. pp. 376-386
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 387-388
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 389-398
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780822374305
Related ISBN
9780822361145
MARC Record
OCLC
1103696099
Pages
424
Launched on MUSE
2019-06-24
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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