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A companion volume to Environmental Conflict in Alaska, Pioneering Conservation in Alaska chronicles the central land and wildlife issues and the growth of environmental conservation in Alaska during its Russian and territorial eras.

The Alaskan frontier tempted fur traders, whalers, salmon fishers, gold miners, hunters, and oilmen to take what they could without regard for long-term consequences. Wildlife species, ecosystems, and Native cultures suffered, sometimes irreparably. Damage to wildlife and lands drew the attention of environmentalists, including John Muir, who applied their influence to enact wildlife protection laws and set aside lands for conservation. Alaska served as a testing ground for emergent national resource policy in the United States, as environmental values of species and ecosystem sustainability replaced the unrestrained exploitation of Alaska's early frontier days.

Efforts of conservation leaders and the territory's isolation, small human population, and late development prevented widespread destruction and gave Americans a unique opportunity to protect some of the world's most pristine wilderness.

Enhanced by more than 100 photographs, Pioneering Conservation in Alaska illustrates the historical precedents for current natural resource disputes in Alaska and will fascinate readers interested in wildlife and conservation.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Photographs, Maps, Tables
  2. pp. ix-xiv
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  1. Prologue
  2. pp. xv-xviii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xix-xx
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  1. Chronology
  2. pp. xxi-xxii
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  1. Part I. Early Naturalists and Wildlife Exploitation
  2. pp. 1-3
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  1. 1. Sea Otters and Scientists
  2. pp. 4-26
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  1. 2. Fur Seal’s Friend: Henry W. Elliot
  2. pp. 27-57
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  1. 3. Wake of the Whalers
  2. pp. 58-90
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  1. 4. John Muir and the Land
  2. pp. 91-115
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  1. 5. The Boone and Crockett Club: George Bird Grinnell, Madison Grant, William T. Hornaday, Charles H. Townsend, Charles Sheldon
  2. pp. 116-134
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  1. 6. Charles Sheldon and Mt. McKinley National Park
  2. pp. 135-153
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  1. 7. Robert F. Griggs and Katmai National Monument
  2. pp. 154-175
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  1. 8. John Muir, William S. Cooper, and Glacier Bay National Monument
  2. pp. 176-191
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  1. 9. Alaska Natives and Conservation
  2. pp. 192-208
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  1. Part II. Wildlife and Wildlife Managers
  2. pp. 209-211
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  1. 10. Bureau of Biological Survey Chiefs: C. Hart Merriam, Edward W. Nelson, Ira N. Gabrielson
  2. pp. 212-236
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  1. 11. Alaskan Wildlife Managers: Frank Dufresne, Clarence Rhode, Jim Brooks, Jim King
  2. pp. 237-258
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  1. 12. Grizzly Bears in Politics
  2. pp. 259-281
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  1. 13. Frontier Justice: Predator Control
  2. pp. 282-315
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  1. 14. Game and Fur Mammals
  2. pp. 316-349
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  1. 15. Journey of the Salmon
  2. pp. 350-377
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  1. 16. Gold and Oil on the Kenai
  2. pp. 378-399
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  1. 17. Bob Marshall, Olaus and Margaret Murie, and the Arctic Refuge
  2. pp. 400-426
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  1. 18. Evolution of Conservation Values
  2. pp. 427-440
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 441-479
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  1. Works Employed
  2. pp. 480-513
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 514-540
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