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French Huguenots made enormous contributions to the life and culture of colonial New York during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Huguenot craftsmen were the city's most successful artisans, turning out unrivaled works of furniture which were distinguished by unique designs and arcane details. More than just decorative flourishes, however, the visual language employed by Huguenot artisans reflected a distinct belief system shaped during the religious wars of sixteenth-century France.In Fortress of the Soul, historian Neil Kamil traces the Huguenots' journey to New York from the Aunis-Saintonge region of southwestern France. There, in the sixteenth century, artisans had created a subterranean culture of clandestine workshops and meeting places inspired by the teachings of Bernard Palissy, a potter, alchemist, and philosopher who rejected the communal, militaristic ideology of the Huguenot majority which was centered in the walled city of La Rochelle. Palissy and his followers instead embraced a more fluid, portable, and discrete religious identity that encouraged members to practice their beliefs in secret while living safely—even prospering—as artisans in hostile communities. And when these artisans first fled France for England and Holland, then left Europe for America, they carried with them both their skills and their doctrine of artisanal security.Drawing on significant archival research and fresh interpretations of Huguenot material culture, Kamil offers an exhaustive and sophisticated study of the complex worldview of the Huguenot community. From the function of sacred violence and alchemy in the visual language of Huguenot artisans, to the impact among Protestants everywhere of the destruction of La Rochelle in 1628, to the ways in which New York's Huguenots interacted with each other and with other communities of religious dissenters and refugees, Fortress of the Soul brilliantly places American colonial history and material life firmly within the larger context of the early modern Atlantic world.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Copyright Page
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  1. Dedication
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Figures and Maps
  2. pp. ix-xvi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xvii-xxiv
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. Part I - The Art of the Earth
  2. pp. 13-14
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  1. One. A Risky Gift: The Entrance of Charles IX into La Rochelle in 1565
  2. pp. 15-51
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  1. Two. Palissy's Fortress: The Construction of Artisanal Security
  2. pp. 52-99
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  1. Four. War and Sûreté: The Context of Artisanal Enthusiasm in Aunis-Saintonge
  2. pp. 125-170
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  1. Five. Scenes of Reading: Rustic Artisans and the Diffusion of Paracelsian Discourses to New Worlds
  2. pp. 171-241
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  1. Six. American Rustic Scenes: Bernard Palissy, John Winthrop the Younger, and Benjamin Franklin
  2. pp. 242-276
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  1. Seven. The River and Nebuchadnezzar's Dream: War, Separation, the Sound, and the Materiality of Time
  2. pp. 277-315
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  1. Eight. The Art of the Earth
  2. pp. 316-386
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  1. Part II - The Fragmentation of the Body
  2. pp. 387-388
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  1. Nine. In Patientia Sauvitas, or, The Invisible Fortress Departs
  2. pp. 389-408
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  1. Ten. Being at the Île of Rue: Science, Secrecy, and Security at the Siege of La Rochelle, 1627–1635
  2. pp. 409-460
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  1. Eleven. The Geography of Your Native Country: Relocation of Spatial Identity to the New World, 1628–1787
  2. pp. 461-507
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  1. Twelve. La Rochelle's Transatlantic Body: The Commons Debates of 1628
  2. pp. 508-543
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  1. Thirteen. Fraudulent father-Frenchmen: The Huguenot Counterfeit and the Threat to England's Internal Security
  2. pp. 544-561
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  1. Fourteen. The destruction that wasteth at noonday: Hogarth's Hog Lane and the Huguenot Fortress of Memory
  2. pp. 562-708
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  1. Part III - The Secrets of the Craft
  2. pp. 709-710
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  1. Fifteen. Hidden in Plain Sight: Disappearance and Material Life in Colonial New York
  2. pp. 711-766
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  1. Sixteen. Fragments of Huguenot-Quaker Convergence in New York: Little Histories (Avignon, France, 1601–1602; Flushing, Long Island, 1657–1726)
  2. pp. 767-905
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  1. Seventeen. Reflections on a Three-Legged Chair: Sundials, Family Pieces, and Political Culture in Pre-Revolutionary New York
  2. pp. 906-924
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 925-1032
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 1033-1058
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421427614
Related ISBN(s)
9780801873904, 9781421429359
MARC Record
OCLC
1048221187
Pages
1088
Launched on MUSE
2018-08-15
Language
English
Open Access
Yes

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