Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-viii

This book was inspired by a conference in Bagan, sponsored by the Nalanda- Sriwijaya Centre, ISEAS, in 2012. Participants in the conference were invited to submit chapters for a book about ancient Bagan’s connections with the rest of Asia. This book contains ten chapters, each by a respected expert in...

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Contributors

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pp. ix-x

Michael Aung-Thwin is Professor of Asian Studies at the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa, Honolulu, United States.
Olga Deshpande is an art historian in the Oriental Department, State Hermitage Museum, Saint-Petersburg, Russia...

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1. Keynote: The Myth of "Splendid Isolation"

Michael Aung-Thwin

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pp. 1-14

Thank you for honouring me as keynote speaker for this marvellous occasion, especially since it is an international conference being held in Myanmar Pyi, and of all places, at Pagan. I could not have imagined as a Yangon tha (“son of Yangon”) growing up in Yan Kin (and South India)...

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2. Analysis of Construction Techniques in Pyu Cities and Bagan

Kyaw Lat

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pp. 15-44

A remarkable fact about Bagan is that presently over three thousand monuments are found concentrated in an area of forty-two square kilometres (sixteen square miles). An Inwa dynasty king, Moe-Nyin-Thado, recorded 4,474 structures there in the 15th century. There are...

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3. Khraung-kaik Pitaka-taik: 16th-Century Repositories for Buddhist Scriptures in Mrauk-U

Mya Oo

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pp. 45-56

To study Myanmar history, we need to examine chronicles, archaeological evidence, historical reports and studies, surveys and interviews with local people, among other sources. The Rakhine region is part of an ancient civilization which comprised several flourishing city states rich in cultural...

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4. Religious Symbols as Decorations on the Sikhara of Ancient Monuments in the Late Bagan Perid

Pyiet Phyo Kyaw

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pp. 57-65

Bagan iconography displayed syncretic traits from the 10th to the 13th centuries. Southeast Asian classic art combined traits from India, China and indigenous sources, disseminated through maritime trade. The Bagan period can be divided into three phases: early (10–11th centuries), middle...

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5. The Viṣṇu on Garuḍa from the Nat Hlaung Kyaung Temple, Bagan

Olga Deshpande and Pamela Gutman

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pp. 66-87

For nearly seventy years, four Burmese stone sculptures dating to the 11th–12th centuries have been in storage at the Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg. They arrived in Russia after World War II, part of a large group of Asian art objects (from India to Japan and Indonesia) from two...

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6. A Thousand Years before Bagan: Radiocarbon Dates and Myanmar's Ancient Pyu Cities

Bob Hudson

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pp. 88-121

If you want to know the exact date of an ancient object or structure, find an inscription. In the 11th–13th century Bagan period, stone inscriptions give the founding year of dozens of pagodas. Some inscriptions, motivated by an urge to commence building at an auspicious moment, go so far...

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7. Ta Mok Shwe-Gu-Gyi Temple Kyaukse and Bagan

Elizabeth Howard Moore and Win Maung (Tampawaddy)

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pp. 122-152

The processes by which Buddhism was introduced and mediated in the culturally specific context of Kyaukse are exemplified by the Ta Mok Shwe-gu-gyi temple complex. While to some degree its development was stimulated through its relation to Bagan, Ta Mok’s principal identity...

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8. Silver Links! Bagan–Bengal and Shadowy Metal Corridors: 9th to 13th Centuries

Rila Mukherjee

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pp. 153-178

This chapter isolates Bagan from its traditional moorings to Southeast Asian polities and highlights its westward links, particularly its relations with medieval Bengal, an expansive polity. The distinct geography and enigmatic history of Bagan — situated in an arid zone and driven by...

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9. Positioning Bagan in the Buddhist Ecumene: Myanmar's Trans-Polity Connections

Goh Geok Yian

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pp. 179-197

This chapter starts with the assumption that Bagan of the 11th through the 14th centuries was a religious hub for monks and pilgrims and constituted one of three important nodes in a Buddhist common world or commonwealth, or what I have elected to call “Buddhist ecumene”. The...

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10. Orthogeneity, Settlement Patterns and Earthenware Pottery Distribution in Bagan

John N. Miksic

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pp. 198-219

On the surface, Southeast Asian archaeology presents an extreme example of the dichotomy between the theoretical extremes of the orthogenetic and heterogenetic types of city. The remains of major monumental complexes such as Angkor, Borobudur/Prambanan and Bagan contrast sharply with...

Index

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pp. 221-228

Nalanda-Sriwijaya Series

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pp. 229-230