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Attention deficit−hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a common psychiatric diagnosis in both children and adults since the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. But the diagnosis was much less common—even unknown—in other parts of the world. By the end of the twentieth century, this was no longer the case, and ADHD diagnosis and treatment became an increasingly widespread global phenomenon. As the diagnosis was adopted around the world, the definition and treatment of ADHD often changed in the context of different psychiatric professions, medical systems, and cultures.

Global Perspectives on ADHD is the first book to examine how this expanding public health concern is diagnosed and treated in 16 different countries. In some countries, readers learn, over 10% of school-aged children and adolescents are diagnosed with ADHD; in others, that figure is less than 1%. Some countries focus on medicating children with ADHD; others emphasize parent intervention or child therapy. Showing how a medical diagnosis varies across contexts and time periods, this book explains how those distinctions shape medical interventions and guidelines, filling a much-needed gap by examining ADHD on an international scale.

Contributors: Madeleine Akrich, Mari J. Armstrong-Hough, Meredith R. Bergey, Eugenia Bianchi, Christian Bröer, Peter Conrad, Claire Edwards, Silvia A. Faraone, Angela M. Filipe, Alessandra Frigerio, Valéria Portugal Gonçalves, Linda J. Graham, Hiroyuki Ito, Fabian Karsch, Victor Kraak, Claudia Malacrida, Lorenzo Montali, Yasuo Murayama, Sebastián Rojas Navarro, Órla O’Donovan, Francisco Ortega, Mónica Peña Ochoa, Brenton J. Prosser, Vololona Rabeharisoa, Patricio Rojas, Tiffani Semach, Ilina Singh, Rachel Spronk, Junko Teruyama, Masatsugu Tsujii, Fan-Tzu Tseng, Manuel Vallée, Rafaela Zorzanelli

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title, Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. 1. ADHD in Global Context: An Introduction
  2. Meredith R. Bergey, Angela M. Filipe
  3. pp. 1-8
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  1. 2. The Rise and Transformation of ADHD in the United States
  2. Meredith R. Bergey, Peter Conrad
  3. pp. 9-33
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  1. 3. In the Elephant’s Shadow: The Canadian ADHD Context
  2. Claudia Malacrida, Tiffani Semach
  3. pp. 34-53
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  1. 4. Historical, Cultural, and Sociopolitical Influences on Australia’s Response to ADHD
  2. Brenton J. Prosser, Linda J. Graham
  3. pp. 54-76
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  1. 5. The Medicalization of Fidgety Philip: ADHD in Germany
  2. Fabian Karsch
  3. pp. 77-96
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  1. 6. ADHD in the United Kingdom: Conduct, Class, and Stigma
  2. Ilina Singh
  3. pp. 97-117
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  1. 7. The Emergence and Shaping of ADHD in Portugal: Ambiguities of a Diagnosis “in the Making”
  2. Angela M. Filipe
  3. pp. 118-137
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  1. 8. Transformations in the Irish ADHD Disorder Regime—from a Disorder “You Have to Fight to Get” to One “You Have to Wait to Get”
  2. Claire Edwards, Órla O’Donovan
  3. pp. 138-161
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  1. 9. The Journey of ADHD in Argentina: From the Increase in Methylphenidate Use to Tensions among Health Professionals
  2. Silvia A. Faraone, Eugenia Bianchi
  3. pp. 162-185
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  1. 10. Academic and Professional Tensions and Debates around ADHD in Brazil
  2. Francisco Ortega, Rafaela Zorzanelli, Valéria Portugal Gonçalves
  3. pp. 186-207
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  1. 11. ADHD in the Italian Context: Children in the Midst of Social and Political Debates
  2. Alessandra Frigerio, Lorenzo Montali
  3. pp. 208-232
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  1. 12. The French ADHD Landscape: Maintaining and Dealing with Multiple Uncertainties
  2. Madeleine Akrich, Vololona Rabeharisoa
  3. pp. 233-260
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  1. 13. ADHD in Japan
  1. A Sociological Perspective
  2. Mari J. Armstrong-Hough
  3. pp. 261-268
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  1. Epidemiology, Treatments, and Cultural Influences
  2. Yasuo Murayama, Hiroyuki Ito, Junko Teruyama, and Masatsugu Tsujii
  3. pp. 269-287
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  1. 14. Pharmaceuticalization through Government Funding Activities: ADHD in New Zealand
  2. Manuel Vallée
  3. pp. 288-309
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  1. 15. From Problematic Children to Problematic Diagnosis: The Paradoxical Trajectories of Child and Adolescent ADHD in Chile
  2. Sebastián Rojas Navarro, Patricio Rojas, Mónica Peña Ochoa
  3. pp. 310-331
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  1. 16. The Development of Child Psychiatry and the Biomedicalization of ADHD in Taiwan
  2. Fan-Tzu Tseng
  3. pp. 332-353
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  1. 17. Exploring the ADHD Diagnosis in Ghana: Between Disrespect and Lack of Institutionalization
  2. Christian Bröer, Rachel Spronk, Victor Kraak
  3. pp. 354-375
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  1. 18. Reflections on ADHD in a Global Context
  2. Peter Conrad, Ilina Singh
  3. pp. 376-390
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 391-400
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