In this Book

summary
Chinese writing is character based, the one major world script that is neither alphabetic nor syllabic. Through the years, the Chinese written language encountered presumed alphabetic universalism in the form of Morse Code, Braille, stenography, Linotype, punch cards, word processing, and other systems developed with the Latin alphabet in mind. This book is about those encounters -- in particular thousands of Chinese characters versus the typewriter and its QWERTY keyboard. Thomas Mullaney describes a fascinating series of experiments, prototypes, failures, and successes in the century-long quest for a workable Chinese typewriter. The earliest Chinese typewriters, Mullaney tells us, were figments of popular imagination, sensational accounts of twelve-foot keyboards with 5,000 keys. One of the first Chinese typewriters actually constructed was invented by a Christian missionary, who organized characters by common usage (but promoted the less-common characters for "Jesus" to the common usage level). Later came typewriters manufactured for use in Chinese offices, and typewriting schools that turned out trained "typewriter girls" and "typewriter boys." Still later was the "Double Pigeon" typewriter produced by the Shanghai Calculator and Typewriter Factory, the typewriter of choice under Mao. Clerks and secretaries in this era experimented with alternative ways of organizing characters on their tray beds, inventing an input method that was the first instance of "predictive text." Today, after more than a century of resistance against the alphabetic, not only have Chinese characters prevailed, they form the linguistic substrate of the vibrant world of Chinese information technology. The Chinese Typewriter, not just an "object history" but grappling with broad questions of technological change and global communication, shows how this happened.A Study of the Weatherhead East Asian InstituteColumbia University

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-vii
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. viii-ix
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. x-xv
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  1. Introduction: There Is No Alphabet Here
  2. pp. 1-34
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  1. 1 Incompatible with Modernity
  2. pp. 35-74
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  1. 2 Puzzling Chinese
  2. pp. 75-122
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  1. 3 Radical Machines
  2. pp. 123-160
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  1. 4 What Do You Call a Typewriter with No Keys?
  2. pp. 161-194
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  1. 5 Controlling the Kanjisphere
  2. pp. 195-236
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  1. 6 Qwerty Is Dead! Long Live Qwerty!
  2. pp. 237-282
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  1. 7 The Typing Rebellion
  2. pp. 283-314
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  1. Conclusion: Toward a History of Chinese Computing and the Age of Input
  2. pp. 315-322
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  1. Table of Archives
  2. pp. 323-324
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  1. Biographies of Key Historical Persons (alphabetic by Surname)
  2. pp. 325-328
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  1. Character Glossary
  2. pp. 329-336
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 337-400
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  1. Bibliography of Sources
  2. pp. 401-456
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 457-482
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  1. Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute Columbia University
  2. pp. 483-485
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780262340779
Related ISBN
9780262036368
MARC Record
OCLC
1001571747
Pages
504
Launched on MUSE
2017-08-30
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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