Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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p. v

List of Illustrations

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pp. vi-2

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1. The Scales of California Settlement History

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pp. 3-14

New Hope is an optimistic place name, and hope and optimism likely pervaded the thoughts of the approximately 230 Mormons who sailed with Samuel Brannan from New York to California on the ship Brooklyn, arriving in Yerba Buena (San Francisco) July 31, 1846. About twelve families moved on to the...

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2. Frictional Distance, Migration, and the California Transformation

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pp. 15-26

Etched upon the landscape between the Sierra Nevada and the sea, are human markings that define the 160-year-old history of the state called California. Beneath such relatively recent impressions are those of the Native Americans, Spanish, Mexicans, and the ubiquitous natural forces that defined the stage...

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3. From Movers and Shakers to Stayers and Builders in the Sierra Foothills

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pp. 27-42

With the land paths imprinted in the dirt by numerous bold adventurers and the sea routes now followed more confi dently by sailors from many distant shores, California was geographically primed for the settlement that exploded upon its north and the Sierra Nevada following Marshall’s discovery at Sutter’s...

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4. County Pioneers and Their Many Migration Steps

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pp. 43-58

From the previous analysis, it is clear that the 1850s and 1860s were times of great population volatility in the Sierra foothills. What was the lot of those who worked the mines and rivers for a short time and then went elsewhere in California? As a complement to the census searching of the previous chapter, another data source proved very helpful in answering this question...

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5. Migrations of the Greenwood, Boggs, and Winkler Families

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pp. 59-72

Traditionally, individuals and families over succeeding generations are responsible for working the land and thus shaping the landscape of particular areas. However, in the frontier and gold rush eras, the familial and spatial relationships among various characters of note are what bring this period to life...

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6. Mormons from Yerba Buena to Sutter’s Mill

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pp. 73-86

Families such as the Boggses, Winklers, and Greenwoods have made their mark on California from the first family migrants to the present. Even though the families dispersed over time, there is a noteworthy tendency for a continuing descendant presence in those counties that were early migrant destinations...

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7. Multigenerational Migration, Town Attractiveness, and Settlement Stability

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pp. 87-106

Now that we have explored the rapid migration of the many individuals who made their way across the continent or around it by sea, arriving in the Sierra hoping for riches, then spreading from there to other valleys and hills in the state, we will move to a larger scale. Being oft en connected by family and social...

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8. Hyper-Rate Settlement Evolution and Devolution in the Sierra Nevada

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pp. 107-126

From the start of the gold rush through the ensuing decades of the 1800s, communities up and down the Sierra Nevada transitioned from volatility to stability. As we have seen, the migration attractiveness of the foothill towns rivaled that of the bigger cities to the west. People came to the foothills from all over...

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9. Historical Geography of Transportation and Development in Lake County

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pp. 127-147

At each spatial level, there is a narrative that places people and environment in an intricate relationship. The race by individuals and families to develop useful livelihoods while establishing communities underscores that relationship. This chapter builds upon the findings of the previous analysis of towns...

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10. Far-Off Frontiers Emerge as Fine Farms and Towns North of the Bay

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pp. 148-172

Our earlier acquaintance with the Winklers and Greenwoods, pioneer settlers of Sonoma and Mendocino counties, helps set the scene for the region’s rapid growth. Clayton Winkler was just one farmer, and adding his boys made some more. They were part of the larger economic scene that composed Sonoma...

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11. Integrating the San Francisco Region from the Pacific Coast to the Sierra Nevada

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pp. 173-190

Little attention has been devoted yet to the growth and development of the primate city of this region: San Francisco. Instead I have attempted to show the importance of the hinterland in providing the early impetus for growth in northern California. But San Francisco grew concurrently with that hinterland...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 191-192

This book has been many years in the making and would never have come to fruition without a great amount of support. Family summer vacations to northern California for eight years in a row set things in motion by opening my eyes to its amazing geographic history. My wife Lori’s constant encouragement over...

References

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pp. 193-202

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About the Author

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pp. 203-204

Samuel M. Otterstrom is professor of geography at Brigham Young University (BYU), holding geography degrees from BYU and Louisiana State University. His dissertation examined the settlement geography of the United States, 1790–1990, including a consideration of the closure of the frontier. He is the...

Index

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pp. 205-208