Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-viii

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Introduction. A Result of American Bases

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pp. 1-10

From August 1989 to July 1990, I took leave from my job as a reporter for the Okinawa Times and studied in New York City on a scholarship from the Okinawa Education Foundation. I brought my three children with me, the eldest then in seventh grade, and we were warmly welcomed...

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1. The US Military in Okinawa

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pp. 11-27

In January 1944, US forces in the Pacific attacked and destroyed Japanese Navy bases in the Marshall and Caroline Islands. That summer they continued their offensive, occupying Saipan, Tinian, and Palau. With the fall of Iwo Jima in March 1945, the US military planned to capture Okinawa...

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2. American Soldiers and Okinawan Women

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pp. 28-47

Chapter 1 of Miyazato Etsu’s Okinawa onna-tachi no sengo (Women in postwar Okinawa) is titled “In the Beginning: Humiliation and Honor.” The authors explain, “For women, the postwar began in fear and humiliation because of the large number of rapes committed by American...

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3. Long Journey to a Huge Country

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pp. 48-59

“I thought the trip would never end,” recalled Sachie (born 1931 in Naha, now living in New York City). She’d come to the United States after her marriage in 1954 when she was twenty, and her husband, then in the army, was nineteen. Her journey began from White Beach Naval Base in northeastern...

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4. Varied Experiences of International Marriage

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pp. 60-90

This chapter presents the experiences of eight women who married American military men and made their lives in the United States. Some of their experiences are similar to those of other women discussed in this study, and some are different. What they all have in common is that they...

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5. The Survey

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pp. 91-109

The survey and interviews were conducted from 1995 to 1997, with follow- up interviews in 2010 and 2011 for the English edition. I asked respondents what their circumstances were before marriage, when they had come with their husbands to the United States, what their lives had...

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6. Living in America

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pp. 110-122

“Okinawan wife murdered, husband sentenced to life in prison,” read a headline in the January 15, 2012, issue of the Okinawa Times. The murder of Higa Shinobu in Ohio had occurred in March 2011, and her husband, Peter Primeau, had just been sentenced. Suffering wounds in several places...

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7. GI Brides: Their Lives Today

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pp. 123-130

The headline of a July 17, 1994, article in the Okinawa Times asked the question, “Have You Heard the Term Ame-jo?” According to this first in a series of articles on women who date American soldiers, “When a Japanese man drives past such a couple walking together, he yells ‘Ame-jo’ at her...

Notes

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pp. 131-136

Sources

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pp. 137-144