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summary
Promising an end to global hunger and political instability, huge climate-controlled laboratories known as phytotrons spread around the world to thirty countries after the Second World War. The United States built nearly a dozen, including the first at Caltech in 1949. Made possible by computers and other novel greenhouse technologies of the early Cold War, phytotrons enabled plant scientists to experiment on the environmental causes of growth and development of living organisms. Subsequently, they turned biologists into technologists who, in their pursuit of knowledge about plants, also set out to master the machines that controlled their environment. Engineering the Environment tells the forgotten story of a research program that revealed the shape of the environment, the limits of growth and development, and the limits of human control over complex technological systems. As support and funding for basic science dwindled in the mid-1960s, phytotrons declined and ultimately disappeared—until, nearly thirty years later, the British built the Ecotron to study the impact of climate change on biological communities. By revisiting this history of phytotrons, David Munns reminds us of the vital role they can play in helping researchers unravel the complexities of natural ecosystems in the Anthropocene.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Front flap, Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-xvi
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  1. Prelude: The World of Trons
  2. pp. xvii-2
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  1. Introduction. The Age of Biology
  2. pp. 3-34
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  1. Chapter 1. “The Awe in Which Biologists Hold Physicists”
  2. pp. 35-62
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  1. Chapter 2. At Work in the Caltech Phytotron
  2. pp. 63-103
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  1. Chapter 3. The Climatron
  2. pp. 104-129
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  1. Coda I. The Finale of Frits Went
  2. pp. 130-134
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  1. Chapter 4. The Postcolonial Science of the Australian Phytotron
  2. pp. 135-167
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  1. Chapter 5. The Twin Phytotrons of the Research Triangle Between Duke and North Carolina State
  2. pp. 168-195
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  1. Chapter 6. Big Biology in the Biotron
  2. pp. 196-225
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  1. Coda II. The Passing of the Age of Biology
  2. pp. 226-231
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  1. Conclusion. The New Age of Climate
  2. pp. 232-248
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  1. Appendices
  2. pp. 249-250
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 251-298
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 299-328
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 329-334
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  1. Back Flap, Back Cover
  2. pp. 334-336
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780822982760
Related ISBN
9780822944744
MARC Record
OCLC
990478260
Pages
384
Launched on MUSE
2017-06-25
Language
English
Open Access
No
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